Happiness Measures

Measures of Happiness: A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-c


Affect: Balance (Kamman's index) (A-BK)
Time frame:
last month, last few weeks (cm)
multiple questions (mq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:


Self report on 96 questions:

Each of the sentences below describe a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling during the past few weeks;
A    Nothing goes right with me
B    I feel close to people around me
C    I feel as though the best years of my life are over
D    I feel my life is on the right track
E    I feel loved and trusted
F    My work gives me a lot of pleasure
G    I don't like myself
H    I feel very tense
I     I feel life isn't worth living
J     I am content with myself
K    My past life is filled with failure
L     Everything I do seems worthwhile
M    I can't be bothered doing anything
N    I feel I can do whatever I want to
O    I have lost interest in other people and don't care about   
P     Everything is going right for me
Q     I can express my feelings and emotions towards other  
R     I'm easy going
S     I seem to bee left alone when I don't want to be
T     I wish I could change some parts of my life
U     I seem to have no real drive to do anything
V     The future looks good
W    I become very lonely
X      I can concentrate well on what I'm doing
Y      I feel out of place
Z      I think clearly and creatively
AA   I feel alone
AB   I feel free and easy
AC   I smile and laugh a lot
AD   I feel things are going my way
AE   The world seems a cold and impersonal place
AF    I feel I've made a mess of things again
AG   I feel like hiding away
AH   I feel confident about decisions I make
AI     I feel depressed for no apparent reason
AJ    I feel other people like me
AK    I feel like a failure
AL    I feel I'm a complete person
AM   I'm not sure I'm done the right thing
AN   My future looks good
AO    I'm making the most out of my life
AP    Everything is going right for me
AQ    I feel unimportant
AR    I feel as though there must be something wrong with me
AS     I don't feel like making the effort to do anything
AT     I feel confident in my dealings with the opposite sex
AU     I want to hurt those who have hurt me
AV    The results I have obtained make my efforts worthwhile

Each of the objectives below describe a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had  that feeling during the past few weeks;
A    Confident
B    Hopeless
C    Pleasant
D    Insignificant
E    Discontented
F    Healthy
G    Dejected
H    Annoyed
I     Down
J     Glad
K    Glowing
L     Relaxed
M    Comfortable
N    Moody
O    Understood
P     Blue
Q     Miserable
R     Joyful
S     Tense
T     Insecure
U     Shaky
V     Satisfied
W    Safe
X     Successful
Y     Free
Z     Sad
AA   Good-natured
AB   Impatient
AC   Rejected
AD   Lively
AE   Frustrated
AF   Fearful
AG   Lonely
AH   Warm
AI     Contented
AJ    Good
AK   Secure
AL    Disappointed
AM   Understanding
AN   Depressed
AO   Low
AP   Calm
AQ   Unhappy
AR   Upset
AS    Empty
AT    Enthusiastic
AU    Happy
AV    Vibrant

Answer options:
0  not at all
1  occasionally
2  some of the time
3  often
4  all of the time

- Positive Affect Score (PAS): mean positive items
- Negative Affect Score (NAS): mean negative items
- Affect Balance Score (ABS):  PAS minus  NAS
Possible range - 4  to  +4

Name: Kamman's Affectometer 1: version last few weeks

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Mean
Standard Deviation
Kammann (1979): study NZ 1976 Married persons, Dunedin, New Zealand, 1976 N = 92
Kammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 18 + aged, general public, New Zealand, 198? N = 118