Happiness Measures

Measures of Happiness: A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-a


Affect: Balance (Kamman's index) (A-BK)
Time frame:
last month, last few weeks (cm)
multiple questions (mq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:


Self report on 40 questions:

Over this time period (the last few weeks) I have had the feeling described by:
A  My life is on the right track
B  I seem to be left alone when I don't want to be
C  I feel I can do whatever I want to
D  I think clearly and creatively
E  I feel like a failure
F  Nothing seems very much fun any more
G  I like myself
H  I can't be bothered doing anything
I    I feel close to people around me
J   I feel as though the best years of my life are over
K  My future looks good
L   I have lost interest in other people and don't care about them
M  I have energy to spare
N  I smile and laugh a lot
O  I wish I could change some parts of my life
P  My thoughts go around in useless circles
Q  I can handle any problems that come up
R  My life seems stuck in a rut
S  I feel loved and trusted
T  I feel there must be something wrong with me

"Over this period (the last few weeks), "how often you felt..."
U    Satisfied     
V     Lonely
W    Free-and-easy
X     Clear-headed
Y     Helpless
Z      Impatient
AA   Useful
AB   Depressed
AC   Loving
AD   Hopeless
AE   Optimistic
AF    Withdrawn
AG   Enthusiastic
AH   Good-natured
AI     Discontented
AJ    Confused
AK   Confident
AL    Tense
AM   Understood
AN    Insignificant

Answer options;
0  not at all
1  occasionally
2  some of the time
3  often
4  all the time

- Positive Affect score (PAS): mean positive items
- Negative Affect Score (NAS): mean negative items
- Affect balance score (ABS):  PAS minus  NAS
Possible range: -4  to  +4

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Mean
Standard Deviation
Kammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1 18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198? N = 112
= 1.430
= 1.080
Kammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /2 Students,University of Otago, New Zealand, 198? N = 55