Happiness Measures

Measures of Happiness: A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-a


Affect: Balance (Diener's ABS) (A-BD2)
Time frame:
last month, last few weeks (cm)
multiple questions (mq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:


Self report on 8 questions:

Using the scale below, indicate how often you feel each of the emotions below. Put a number from 1 to 7 to accurately reflect how much of the time when you are awake you feel that emotion. How much of the time during the PAST MONTH have you felt each emotion?
A  fear
B  affection
C  anger
D  joy
E  sadness
F  guilt
G  contentment
H  pride

1  never
2  slight amount (rare)
3  some of the time
4  about half the time
5  much of the time
6  almost always
7  always

Computation: (A+C+E+F)-(B+D+G+H)

Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Mean
Standard Deviation
Suh et al. (1998): study ZZ World samples 1995 College students, 40 countries, 1995-1996 N = 6780
Diener et al. (2002a): study ZZ World samples 1994 College students, 41 nations, 1994 N = 7166
Schimmack et al. (2002a): study ZZ 1997 Students in Germany; Japan; Mexico, USA and Teachers in Ghana, 1997 N = 651