# Happiness Measures

## Characteristics

Code:
A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-fb
Focus:
Affect: Affect Balance (Various) (A-AB)
Time frame:
yesterday (yd)
Mode:
multiple questions (mq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:
2

## Description

Self report on 5 questions

Did you experience the following feelings during A LOT OF THE DAY yesterday?
A  enjoyment?
B  worry
D  anger

Now please think about YESTERDAY, from the morning until the end of the day. Think of where you were, what you were doing and how you felt.
E   Did you smile or laugh a lot yesterday?

Rated:
1  yes
0 no

Computation:
- Average % positive affect = (A+E)/2
- Average % negative affect = (B+C+D)/3
- Affect Balance = Average % positive affect - Average % negative affect

These questions do not measure hedonic level of affect of individual persons adequately, since yesterday's mood does not always correspond with typical average mood. Yet these questions can be used for measuring hedonic level in aggregates, such as nations, since individual variations balance out in big samples.

## List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Mean
Standard Deviation
Helliwell et al. (2020): study EE 2019 15+ aged general public, Estonia, 2019 N = 0
Mean
= 64.800
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AF 2017 15+ aged general public, Afghanistan, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 12.500
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NG 2007 15+ aged general public, Nigeria, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 68.430
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NG 2018 15+ aged general public, Nigeria, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.880
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NG 2017 15+ aged general public, Nigeria, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.900
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NG 2016 15+ aged general public, Nigeria, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.010
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NG 2015 15+ aged general public, Nigeria, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.570
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NG 2013 15+ aged general public, Nigeria, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.210
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NG 2006 15+ aged general public, Nigeria, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 60.320
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NI 2006 15+ aged general public, Nicaragua, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.440
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NE 2019 15+ aged general public, Niger, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 51.150
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NE 2018 15+ aged general public, Niger, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 26.800
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NE 2017 15+ aged general public, Niger, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.460
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NE 2016 15+ aged general public, Niger, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.940
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NE 2015 15+ aged general public, Niger, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.350
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NE 2014 15+ aged general public, Niger, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 47.300
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NE 2013 15+ aged general public, Niger, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.210
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NG 2019 15+ aged general public, Nigeria, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.980
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NI 2007 15+ aged general public, Nicaragua, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.230
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NE 2006 15+ aged general public, Niger, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.600
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NL 2013 15+ aged general public, Netherlands, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 63.140
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NL 2019 15+ aged general public, Netherlands, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 60.780
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NL 2018 15+ aged general public, Netherlands, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 65.720
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NL 2017 15+ aged general public, Netherlands, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 66.770
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NL 2016 15+ aged general public, Netherlands, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 62.360
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NL 2015 15+ aged general public, Netherlands, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 63.200
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NL 2014 15+ aged general public, Netherlands, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 64.710
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NL 2007 15+ aged general public, Netherlands, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 60.440
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NI 2013 15+ aged general public, Nicaragua, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.800
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NL 2005 15+ aged general public, Netherlands, 2005 N = 1000
Mean
= 63.660
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NI 2019 15+ aged general public, Nicaragua, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.840
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NI 2018 15+ aged general public, Nicaragua, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.430
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NI 2017 15+ aged general public, Nicaragua, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.130
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NI 2016 15+ aged general public, Nicaragua, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NI 2015 15+ aged general public, Nicaragua, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.110
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NI 2014 15+ aged general public, Nicaragua, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 47.930
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NE 2007 15+ aged general public, Niger, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.710
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NA 2019 15+ aged general public, Namibia, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.540
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NO 2014 15+ aged general public, Norway, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 63.930
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MW 2019 15+ aged general public, Malawi, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 18.850
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MX 2016 15+ aged general public, Mexico, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 63.950
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MX 2015 15+ aged general public, Mexico, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.760
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MX 2014 15+ aged general public, Mexico, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.290
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MX 2013 15+ aged general public, Mexico, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.670
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MX 2007 15+ aged general public, Mexico, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.720
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MX 2005 15+ aged general public, Mexico, 2005 N = 1000
Mean
= 60.090
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MW 2018 15+ aged general public, Malawi, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 22.140
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MX 2018 15+ aged general public, Mexico, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 66.850
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MW 2017 15+ aged general public, Malawi, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.660
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MW 2016 15+ aged general public, Malawi, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 27.840
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MW 2015 15+ aged general public, Malawi, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.290
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MW 2014 15+ aged general public, Malawi, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.100
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MW 2013 15+ aged general public, Malawi, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.060
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MW 2007 15+ aged general public, Malawi, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.200
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MX 2017 15+ aged general public, Mexico, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.170
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MX 2019 15+ aged general public, Mexico, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.250
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NA 2018 15+ aged general public, Namibia, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.910
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MZ 2015 15+ aged general public, Mozambique, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 22.490
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NA 2017 15+ aged general public, Namibia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.340
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NA 2014 15+ aged general public, Namibia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.970
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NA 2007 15+ aged general public, Namibia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 65.110
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MZ 2019 15+ aged general public, Mozambique, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 20.320
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MZ 2018 15+ aged general public, Mozambique, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 24.240
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MZ 2017 15+ aged general public, Mozambique, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.520
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MZ 2007 15+ aged general public, Mozambique, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.420
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MY 2006 15+ aged general public, Malaysia, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.740
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MZ 2006 15+ aged general public, Mozambique, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.570
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MY 2019 15+ aged general public, Malaysia, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 65.810
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MY 2018 15+ aged general public, Malaysia, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 62.410
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MY 2015 15+ aged general public, Malaysia, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.100
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MY 2014 15+ aged general public, Malaysia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.860
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MY 2013 15+ aged general public, Malaysia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.990
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MY 2007 15+ aged general public, Malaysia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.280
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NO 2006 15+ aged general public, Norway, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 63.460
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NO 2015 15+ aged general public, Norway, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 63.350
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MU 2019 15+ aged general public, Mauritius, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 65.890
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PH 2017 15+ aged general public, Philippines, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.840
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PK 2015 15+ aged general public, Pakistan, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 24.660
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PK 2014 15+ aged general public, Pakistan, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 28.950
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PK 2013 15+ aged general public, Pakistan, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.420
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PK 2007 15+ aged general public, Pakistan, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.240
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PH 2019 15+ aged general public, Philippines, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.030
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PH 2018 15+ aged general public, Philippines, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.940
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PH 2016 15+ aged general public, Philippines, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.070
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PK 2017 15+ aged general public, Pakistan, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 27.780
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PH 2015 15+ aged general public, Philippines, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.470
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PH 2014 15+ aged general public, Philippines, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 47.930
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PH 2013 15+ aged general public, Philippines, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.710
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PH 2007 15+ aged general public, Philippines, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.590
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PE 2019 15+ aged general public, Peru, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.550
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PE 2018 15+ aged general public, Peru, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.860
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PK 2016 15+ aged general public, Pakistan, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 31.600
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PK 2018 15+ aged general public, Pakistan, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 19.060
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PE 2016 15+ aged general public, Peru, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.370
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PS 2006 15+ aged general public, Palestine, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.660
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PS 2017 15+ aged general public, Palestine, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 18.070
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PS 2016 15+ aged general public, Palestine, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 21.510
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PS 2015 15+ aged general public, Palestine, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 22.540
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PS 2014 15+ aged general public, Palestine, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 18.460
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PS 2013 15+ aged general public, Palestine, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 22.840
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PS 2007 15+ aged general public, Palestine, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 15.420
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PL 2019 15+ aged general public, Poland, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.710
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PL 2005 15+ aged general public, Poland, 2005 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.270
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PL 2018 15+ aged general public, Poland, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.640
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PL 2017 15+ aged general public, Poland, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 47.400
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PL 2016 15+ aged general public, Poland, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.310
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PL 2015 15+ aged general public, Poland, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.400
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PL 2014 15+ aged general public, Poland, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.440
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PL 2013 15+ aged general public, Poland, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.210
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PL 2007 15+ aged general public, Poland, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.240
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PE 2017 15+ aged general public, Peru, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.550
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PE 2015 15+ aged general public, Peru, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.530
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NO 2016 15+ aged general public, Norway, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 64.040
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NP 2015 15+ aged general public, Nepal, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 18.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NZ 2007 15+ aged general public, New Zealand, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.600
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NZ 2006 15+ aged general public, New Zealand, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 66.090
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NP 2019 15+ aged general public, Nepal, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 17.870
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NP 2018 15+ aged general public, Nepal, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 15.020
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NP 2017 15+ aged general public, Nepal, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 19.460
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NP 2016 15+ aged general public, Nepal, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 25.770
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NP 2014 15+ aged general public, Nepal, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.650
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NZ 2014 15+ aged general public, New Zealand, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 64.850
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NP 2013 15+ aged general public, Nepal, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.990
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NP 2007 15+ aged general public, Nepal, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.100
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NP 2006 15+ aged general public, Nepal, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.590
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NO 2019 15+ aged general public, Norway, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 62.720
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NO 2018 15+ aged general public, Norway, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.560
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NO 2017 15+ aged general public, Norway, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 64.620
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NZ 2013 15+ aged general public, New Zealand, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 68.360
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NZ 2015 15+ aged general public, New Zealand, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 67.380
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PE 2014 15+ aged general public, Peru, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.960
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PA 2016 15+ aged general public, Panama, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.350
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PE 2013 15+ aged general public, Peru, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.840
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PE 2007 15+ aged general public, Peru, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.630
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PE 2006 15+ aged general public, Peru, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 27.720
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PA 2019 15+ aged general public, Panama, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 63.400
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PA 2018 15+ aged general public, Panama, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 66.100
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PA 2017 15+ aged general public, Panama, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 59.040
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PA 2015 15+ aged general public, Panama, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.680
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NZ 2016 15+ aged general public, New Zealand, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 62.550
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PA 2014 15+ aged general public, Panama, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.390
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PA 2013 15+ aged general public, Panama, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 64.300
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PA 2007 15+ aged general public, Panama, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 67.060
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PA 2006 15+ aged general public, Panama, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.310
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NZ 2019 15+ aged general public, New Zealand, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 62.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NZ 2018 15+ aged general public, New Zealand, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 67.740
Helliwell et al. (2020): study NZ 2017 15+ aged general public, New Zealand, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 64.570
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MW 2006 15+ aged general public, Malawi, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.790
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MU 2018 15+ aged general public, Mauritius, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.600
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PS 2019 15+ aged general public, Palestine, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 22.550
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LT 2019 15+ aged general public, Lithuania, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.000
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LU 2018 15+ aged general public, Luxembourg, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.840
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LU 2017 15+ aged general public, Luxembourg, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 58.130
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LU 2016 15+ aged general public, Luxembourg, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.560
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LU 2015 15+ aged general public, Luxembourg, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.440
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LU 2014 15+ aged general public, Luxembourg, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 63.270
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LU 2013 15+ aged general public, Luxembourg, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.560
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LT 2018 15+ aged general public, Lithuania, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.320
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LV 2006 15+ aged general public, Latvia, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.020
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LT 2017 15+ aged general public, Lithuania, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.250
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LT 2016 15+ aged general public, Lithuania, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.430
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LT 2015 15+ aged general public, Lithuania, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 31.820
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LT 2014 15+ aged general public, Lithuania, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 33.240
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LT 2013 15+ aged general public, Lithuania, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 28.710
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LT 2007 15+ aged general public, Lithuania, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 31.010
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LU 2019 15+ aged general public, Luxembourg, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.750
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LV 2007 15+ aged general public, Latvia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.570
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LS 2019 15+ aged general public, Lesotho, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.150
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LY 2017 15+ aged general public, Libya, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 31.770
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MA 2017 15+ aged general public, Morocco, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 23.660
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MA 2016 15+ aged general public, Morocco, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.720
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MA 2015 15+ aged general public, Morocco, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.930
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MA 2013 15+ aged general public, Morocco, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.490
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LY 2019 15+ aged general public, Libya, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.800
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LY 2018 15+ aged general public, Libya, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.660
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LY 2016 15+ aged general public, Libya, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 33.470
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LV 2013 15+ aged general public, Latvia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.470
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LY 2015 15+ aged general public, Libya, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 33.500
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LV 2019 15+ aged general public, Latvia, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.360
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LV 2018 15+ aged general public, Latvia, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.340
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LV 2017 15+ aged general public, Latvia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.160
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LV 2016 15+ aged general public, Latvia, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.240
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LV 2015 15+ aged general public, Latvia, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.020
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LV 2014 15+ aged general public, Latvia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.630
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LT 2006 15+ aged general public, Lithuania, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.730
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LS 2017 15+ aged general public, Lesotho, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.090
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MA 2019 15+ aged general public, Morocco, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 17.900
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LA 2018 15+ aged general public, Laos, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.030
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LB 2015 15+ aged general public, Lebanon, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.530
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LB 2014 15+ aged general public, Lebanon, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.160
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LB 2013 15+ aged general public, Lebanon, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 8.950
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LB 2006 15+ aged general public, Lebanon, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 22.870
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LB 2005 15+ aged general public, Lebanon, 2005 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.210
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LA 2019 15+ aged general public, Laos, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.200
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LA 2017 15+ aged general public, Laos, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.860
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LB 2017 15+ aged general public, Lebanon, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 27.190
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LA 2007 15+ aged general public, Laos, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 72.550
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LA 2006 15+ aged general public, Laos, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 72.310
Helliwell et al. (2020): study KW 2019 15+ aged general public, Kuwait, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.250
Helliwell et al. (2020): study KW 2017 15+ aged general public, Kuwait, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study KW 2016 15+ aged general public, Kuwait, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.340
Helliwell et al. (2020): study KW 2015 15+ aged general public, Kuwait, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.920
Helliwell et al. (2020): study KW 2013 15+ aged general public, Kuwait, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.970
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LB 2016 15+ aged general public, Lebanon, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 28.920
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LB 2018 15+ aged general public, Lebanon, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 19.320
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LS 2016 15+ aged general public, Lesotho, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.220
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LR 2007 15+ aged general public, Liberia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 17.730
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LR 2019 15+ aged general public, Liberia, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 24.650
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LR 2018 15+ aged general public, Liberia, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 22.360
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LR 2017 15+ aged general public, Liberia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 27.660
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LR 2016 15+ aged general public, Liberia, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 12.650
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LR 2015 15+ aged general public, Liberia, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 11.660
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LR 2014 15+ aged general public, Liberia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 10.000
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LK 2019 15+ aged general public, Sri Lanka, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.180
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LB 2019 15+ aged general public, Lebanon, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= -17.280
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LK 2018 15+ aged general public, Sri Lanka, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.880
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LK 2017 15+ aged general public, Sri Lanka, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.520
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LK 2015 15+ aged general public, Sri Lanka, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.350
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LK 2014 15+ aged general public, Sri Lanka, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 65.590
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LK 2013 15+ aged general public, Sri Lanka, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 65.220
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LK 2007 15+ aged general public, Sri Lanka, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.890
Helliwell et al. (2020): study LK 2006 15+ aged general public, Sri Lanka, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.030
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MA 2018 15+ aged general public, Morocco, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 22.210
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MD 2006 15+ aged general public, Moldova, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.380
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MU 2017 15+ aged general public, Mauritius, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.900
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MM 2019 15+ aged general public, Myanmar, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.900
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MN 2017 15+ aged general public, Mongolia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.160
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MN 2016 15+ aged general public, Mongolia, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.290
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MN 2015 15+ aged general public, Mongolia, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.510
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MN 2014 15+ aged general public, Mongolia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.710
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MN 2013 15+ aged general public, Mongolia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 47.050
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MN 2007 15+ aged general public, Mongolia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.760
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MM 2018 15+ aged general public, Myanmar, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 47.680
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MN 2019 15+ aged general public, Mongolia, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.050
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MM 2017 15+ aged general public, Myanmar, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.340
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MM 2016 15+ aged general public, Myanmar, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.250
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MM 2015 15+ aged general public, Myanmar, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 59.420
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MM 2014 15+ aged general public, Myanmar, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 74.600
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MM 2013 15+ aged general public, Myanmar, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 58.600
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ML 2019 15+ aged general public, Mali, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.380
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MN 2018 15+ aged general public, Mongolia, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.220
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MR 2007 15+ aged general public, Mauritania, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.860
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ML 2017 15+ aged general public, Mali, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.910
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MT 2015 15+ aged general public, Malta, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MU 2016 15+ aged general public, Mauritius, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.920
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MU 2014 15+ aged general public, Mauritius, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 58.560
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MT 2019 15+ aged general public, Malta, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.040
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MT 2018 15+ aged general public, Malta, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.550
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MT 2017 15+ aged general public, Malta, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.830
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MT 2016 15+ aged general public, Malta, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 33.180
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MT 2014 15+ aged general public, Malta, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.020
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MR 2013 15+ aged general public, Mauritania, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 59.730
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MT 2013 15+ aged general public, Malta, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.080
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MR 2019 15+ aged general public, Mauritania, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.210
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MR 2018 15+ aged general public, Mauritania, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.780
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MR 2017 15+ aged general public, Mauritania, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MR 2016 15+ aged general public, Mauritania, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 51.290
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MR 2015 15+ aged general public, Mauritania, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 62.560
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MR 2014 15+ aged general public, Mauritania, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 59.150
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ML 2018 15+ aged general public, Mali, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.040
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ML 2016 15+ aged general public, Mali, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.160
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MD 2007 15+ aged general public, Moldova, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 26.580
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ME 2013 15+ aged general public, Montenegro, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 20.790
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ME 2019 15+ aged general public, Montenegro, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 22.510
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ME 2018 15+ aged general public, Montenegro, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 23.500
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ME 2017 15+ aged general public, Montenegro, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 16.930
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ME 2016 15+ aged general public, Montenegro, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 25.470
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ME 2015 15+ aged general public, Montenegro, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 24.310
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ME 2014 15+ aged general public, Montenegro, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 21.980
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ME 2007 15+ aged general public, Montenegro, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 23.910
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MG 2013 15+ aged general public, Madagascar, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.310
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MD 2019 15+ aged general public, Moldova, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.940
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MD 2018 15+ aged general public, Moldova, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 31.160
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MD 2017 15+ aged general public, Moldova, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.200
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MD 2016 15+ aged general public, Moldova, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.660
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MD 2015 15+ aged general public, Moldova, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.890
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MD 2014 15+ aged general public, Moldova, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.290
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MD 2013 15+ aged general public, Moldova, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.120
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MG 2006 15+ aged general public, Madagascar, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.050
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MG 2014 15+ aged general public, Madagascar, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.540
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ML 2015 15+ aged general public, Mali, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.590
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MK 2016 15+ aged general public, North Macedonia, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.640
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ML 2014 15+ aged general public, Mali, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.530
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ML 2013 15+ aged general public, Mali, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.100
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ML 2006 15+ aged general public, Mali, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.820
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MK 2019 15+ aged general public, North Macedonia, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 27.270
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MK 2018 15+ aged general public, North Macedonia, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.180
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MK 2017 15+ aged general public, North Macedonia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 20.310
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MK 2015 15+ aged general public, North Macedonia, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.070
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MG 2015 15+ aged general public, Madagascar, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.550
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MK 2014 15+ aged general public, North Macedonia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 33.030
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MK 2013 15+ aged general public, North Macedonia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 24.700
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MK 2007 15+ aged general public, North Macedonia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.180
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MG 2019 15+ aged general public, Madagascar, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.920
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MG 2018 15+ aged general public, Madagascar, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.030
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MG 2017 15+ aged general public, Madagascar, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.690
Helliwell et al. (2020): study MG 2016 15+ aged general public, Madagascar, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 60.890
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PS 2018 15+ aged general public, Palestine, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 19.150
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PT 2006 15+ aged general public, Portugal, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.540
Helliwell et al. (2020): study KR 2019 15+ aged general public, Korea (South), 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.840
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UA 2019 15+ aged general public, Ukraine, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.310
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UG 2016 15+ aged general public, Uganda, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 25.790
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UG 2015 15+ aged general public, Uganda, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.010
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UG 2014 15+ aged general public, Uganda, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 28.400
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UG 2013 15+ aged general public, Uganda, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.930
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UG 2007 15+ aged general public, Uganda, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.020
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UG 2006 15+ aged general public, Uganda, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 33.520
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UA 2018 15+ aged general public, Ukraine, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.690
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UG 2018 15+ aged general public, Uganda, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UA 2017 15+ aged general public, Ukraine, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.230
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UA 2016 15+ aged general public, Ukraine, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.910
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UA 2015 15+ aged general public, Ukraine, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 33.300
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UA 2014 15+ aged general public, Ukraine, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.580
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UA 2013 15+ aged general public, Ukraine, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.890
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UA 2007 15+ aged general public, Ukraine, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.850
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UG 2017 15+ aged general public, Uganda, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.330
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UG 2019 15+ aged general public, Uganda, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.790
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TZ 2019 15+ aged general public, Tanzania, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.310
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UY 2006 15+ aged general public, Uruguay, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 47.820
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UY 2017 15+ aged general public, Uruguay, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.550
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UY 2016 15+ aged general public, Uruguay, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.840
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UY 2015 15+ aged general public, Uruguay, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 59.310
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UY 2014 15+ aged general public, Uruguay, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.770
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UY 2013 15+ aged general public, Uruguay, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.320
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UY 2007 15+ aged general public, Uruguay, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.320
Helliwell et al. (2020): study US 2019 15+ aged general public, United States of America, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.120
Helliwell et al. (2020): study US 2006 15+ aged general public, United States of America, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.690
Helliwell et al. (2020): study US 2018 15+ aged general public, United States of America, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.320
Helliwell et al. (2020): study US 2017 15+ aged general public, United States of America, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.830
Helliwell et al. (2020): study US 2016 15+ aged general public, United States of America, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.150
Helliwell et al. (2020): study US 2015 15+ aged general public, United States of America, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.920
Helliwell et al. (2020): study US 2014 15+ aged general public, United States of America, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.300
Helliwell et al. (2020): study US 2013 15+ aged general public, United States of America, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.330
Helliwell et al. (2020): study US 2007 15+ aged general public, United States of America, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 59.680
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UA 2006 15+ aged general public, Ukraine, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.230
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TZ 2018 15+ aged general public, Tanzania, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.110
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UY 2019 15+ aged general public, Uruguay, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 66.720
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TN 2019 15+ aged general public, Tunisia, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 10.550
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TR 2017 15+ aged general public, Turkey, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 13.700
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TR 2016 15+ aged general public, Turkey, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.520
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TR 2015 15+ aged general public, Turkey, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.800
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TR 2014 15+ aged general public, Turkey, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 10.600
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TR 2013 15+ aged general public, Turkey, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 24.270
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TR 2007 15+ aged general public, Turkey, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 25.580
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TN 2018 15+ aged general public, Tunisia, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 22.670
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TR 2019 15+ aged general public, Turkey, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.410
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TN 2017 15+ aged general public, Tunisia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.380
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TN 2016 15+ aged general public, Tunisia, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 23.420
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TN 2015 15+ aged general public, Tunisia, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 25.340
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TN 2014 15+ aged general public, Tunisia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 18.200
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TN 2013 15+ aged general public, Tunisia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 27.820
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TM 2019 15+ aged general public, Turkmenistan, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.660
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TM 2018 15+ aged general public, Turkmenistan, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.320
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TR 2018 15+ aged general public, Turkey, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 8.390
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TT 2006 15+ aged general public, Trinidad and Tobago, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.860
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TZ 2017 15+ aged general public, Tanzania, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.930
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TW 2019 15+ aged general public, Taiwan, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 76.670
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TZ 2016 15+ aged general public, Tanzania, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.760
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TZ 2015 15+ aged general public, Tanzania, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.760
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TZ 2014 15+ aged general public, Tanzania, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.950
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TZ 2013 15+ aged general public, Tanzania, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.670
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TZ 2007 15+ aged general public, Tanzania, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.540
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TZ 2006 15+ aged general public, Tanzania, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.890
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TW 2018 15+ aged general public, Taiwan, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 75.570
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TT 2013 15+ aged general public, Trinidad and Tobago, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.660
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TW 2017 15+ aged general public, Taiwan, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 72.320
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TW 2016 15+ aged general public, Taiwan, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 72.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TW 2015 15+ aged general public, Taiwan, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 70.260
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TW 2014 15+ aged general public, Taiwan, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 74.050
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TW 2013 15+ aged general public, Taiwan, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 72.180
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TW 2006 15+ aged general public, Taiwan, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 71.930
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TT 2017 15+ aged general public, Trinidad and Tobago, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 59.840
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UY 2018 15+ aged general public, Uruguay, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 60.200
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UZ 2006 15+ aged general public, Uzbekistan, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.290
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TM 2016 15+ aged general public, Turkmenistan, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.090
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZM 2016 15+ aged general public, Zambia, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.840
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZW 2013 15+ aged general public, Zimbabwe, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.960
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZW 2007 15+ aged general public, Zimbabwe, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.590
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZW 2006 15+ aged general public, Zimbabwe, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.810
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZM 2019 15+ aged general public, Zambia, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.900
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZM 2018 15+ aged general public, Zambia, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.170
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZM 2017 15+ aged general public, Zambia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.740
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZM 2015 15+ aged general public, Zambia, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.830
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZW 2015 15+ aged general public, Zimbabwe, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.620
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZM 2014 15+ aged general public, Zambia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.470
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZM 2013 15+ aged general public, Zambia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.700
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZM 2007 15+ aged general public, Zambia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.110
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZM 2006 15+ aged general public, Zambia, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 47.450
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZA 2019 15+ aged general public, South Africa, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.210
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZA 2018 15+ aged general public, South Africa, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.950
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZW 2014 15+ aged general public, Zimbabwe, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.610
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZW 2016 15+ aged general public, Zimbabwe, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.910
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZA 2016 15+ aged general public, South Africa, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.440
Helliwell et al. (2020): study XY Kosovo 2013 15+ aged general public, Kosovo, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.880
Helliwell et al. (2020): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2014 15+ aged general public, Cyprus-Turkish, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.250
Helliwell et al. (2020): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2015 15+ aged general public, Cyprus-Turkish, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.270
Helliwell et al. (2020): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2016 15+ aged general public, Cyprus-Turkish, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.720
Helliwell et al. (2020): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2018 15+ aged general public, Cyprus-Turkish, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 21.860
Helliwell et al. (2020): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2019 15+ aged general public, Cyprus-Turkish, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 19.730
Helliwell et al. (2020): study XY Kosovo 2007 15+ aged general public, Kosovo, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.820
Helliwell et al. (2020): study XY Kosovo 2014 15+ aged general public, Kosovo, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.020
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZW 2017 15+ aged general public, Zimbabwe, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 58.240
Helliwell et al. (2020): study XY Kosovo 2015 15+ aged general public, Kosovo, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.310
Helliwell et al. (2020): study XY Kosovo 2016 15+ aged general public, Kosovo, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.430
Helliwell et al. (2020): study XY Kosovo 2017 15+ aged general public, Kosovo, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.260
Helliwell et al. (2020): study XY Kosovo 2018 15+ aged, general public, Kosovo, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 60.800
Helliwell et al. (2020): study XY Kosovo 2019 15+ aged, general public, Kosovo, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 60.770
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZW 2019 15+ aged general public, Zimbabwe, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.060
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZW 2018 15+ aged general public, Zimbabwe, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.840
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZA 2017 15+ aged general public, South Africa, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 51.660
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZA 2015 15+ aged general public, South Africa, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 62.000
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UZ 2013 15+ aged general public, Uzbekistan, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.900
Helliwell et al. (2020): study VE 2013 15+ aged general public, Venezuela, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 60.210
Helliwell et al. (2020): study VE 2019 15+ aged general public, Venezuela, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.030
Helliwell et al. (2020): study VE 2018 15+ aged general public, Venezuela, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.560
Helliwell et al. (2020): study VE 2017 15+ aged general public, Venezuela, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.270
Helliwell et al. (2020): study VE 2016 15+ aged general public, Venezuela, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.640
Helliwell et al. (2020): study VE 2015 15+ aged general public, Venezuela, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 64.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study VE 2014 15+ aged general public, Venezuela, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.700
Helliwell et al. (2020): study VE 2006 15+ aged general public, Venezuela, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 68.050
Helliwell et al. (2020): study VN 2007 15+ aged general public, Viet Nam, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.170
Helliwell et al. (2020): study VE 2005 15+ aged general public, Venezuela, 2005 N = 1000
Mean
= 58.610
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UZ 2019 15+ aged general public, Uzbekistan, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 62.510
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UZ 2018 15+ aged general public, Uzbekistan, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.680
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UZ 2017 15+ aged general public, Uzbekistan, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 63.630
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UZ 2016 15+ aged general public, Uzbekistan, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 69.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UZ 2015 15+ aged general public, Uzbekistan, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 73.650
Helliwell et al. (2020): study UZ 2014 15+ aged general public, Uzbekistan, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 69.840
Helliwell et al. (2020): study VN 2006 15+ aged general public, Viet Nam, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 47.830
Helliwell et al. (2020): study VN 2013 15+ aged general public, Viet Nam, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.320
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZA 2014 15+ aged general public, South Africa, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.430
Helliwell et al. (2020): study YE 2016 15+ aged general public, Yemen, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 24.140
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZA 2013 15+ aged general public, South Africa, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 60.600
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZA 2007 15+ aged general public, South Africa, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.520
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ZA 2006 15+ aged general public, South Africa, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.970
Helliwell et al. (2020): study YE 2019 15+ aged general public, Yemen, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.980
Helliwell et al. (2020): study YE 2018 15+ aged general public, Yemen, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 14.620
Helliwell et al. (2020): study YE 2017 15+ aged general public, Yemen, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 16.010
Helliwell et al. (2020): study YE 2015 15+ aged general public, Yemen, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 18.610
Helliwell et al. (2020): study VN 2014 15+ aged general public, Viet Nam, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.080
Helliwell et al. (2020): study YE 2014 15+ aged general public, Yemen, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 33.490
Helliwell et al. (2020): study YE 2013 15+ aged general public, Yemen, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.280
Helliwell et al. (2020): study YE 2007 15+ aged general public, Yemen, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 21.310
Helliwell et al. (2020): study VN 2019 15+ aged general public, Viet Nam, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.550
Helliwell et al. (2020): study VN 2018 15+ aged general public, Viet Nam, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.120
Helliwell et al. (2020): study VN 2016 15+ aged general public, Viet Nam, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 31.370
Helliwell et al. (2020): study VN 2015 15+ aged general public, Viet Nam, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.980
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TM 2017 15+ aged general public, Turkmenistan, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 17.130
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TM 2015 15+ aged general public, Turkmenistan, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.430
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PT 2013 15+ aged general public, Portugal, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.180
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RW 2018 15+ aged general public, Rwanda, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.520
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SA 2015 15+ aged general public, Saudi Arabia, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.650
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SA 2014 15+ aged general public, Saudi Arabia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.210
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SA 2013 15+ aged general public, Saudi Arabia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.850
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SA 2007 15+ aged general public, Saudi Arabia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.070
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SA 2005 15+ aged general public, Saudi Arabia, 2005 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.700
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RW 2019 15+ aged general public, Rwanda, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 31.840
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RW 2017 15+ aged general public, Rwanda, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.390
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SA 2017 15+ aged general public, Saudi Arabia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.900
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RW 2016 15+ aged general public, Rwanda, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.690
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RW 2015 15+ aged general public, Rwanda, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 51.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RW 2014 15+ aged general public, Rwanda, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 62.920
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RW 2013 15+ aged general public, Rwanda, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 59.270
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RW 2006 15+ aged general public, Rwanda, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.600
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RU 2018 15+ aged general public, Russia, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 47.450
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SA 2016 15+ aged general public, Saudi Arabia, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.670
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SA 2018 15+ aged general public, Saudi Arabia, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 47.600
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RU 2016 15+ aged general public, Russia, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.380
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SE 2018 15+ aged general public, Sweden, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 66.190
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SG 2015 15+ aged general public, Singapore, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 66.150
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SG 2014 15+ aged general public, Singapore, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 66.080
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SG 2013 15+ aged general public, Singapore, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 62.190
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SG 2007 15+ aged general public, Singapore, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 58.580
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SG 2006 15+ aged general public, Singapore, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.410
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SE 2019 15+ aged general public, Sweden, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 62.430
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SE 2017 15+ aged general public, Sweden, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 63.850
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SA 2019 15+ aged general public, Saudi Arabia, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.400
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SE 2016 15+ aged general public, Sweden, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.510
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SE 2015 15+ aged general public, Sweden, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 62.700
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SE 2014 15+ aged general public, Sweden, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 62.800
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SE 2013 15+ aged general public, Sweden, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 64.490
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SE 2007 15+ aged general public, Sweden, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.880
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SE 2005 15+ aged general public, Sweden, 2005 N = 1000
Mean
= 68.910
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SD 2014 15+ aged general public, Sudan, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 23.810
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RU 2017 15+ aged general public, Russia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 51.570
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RU 2015 15+ aged general public, Russia, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.870
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SG 2017 15+ aged general public, Singapore, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 62.080
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PY 2013 15+ aged general public, Paraguay, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 69.510
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RO 2005 15+ aged general public, Romania, 2005 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.630
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PY 2019 15+ aged general public, Paraguay, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 58.250
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PY 2017 15+ aged general public, Paraguay, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 67.100
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PY 2016 15+ aged general public, Paraguay, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 72.740
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PY 2015 15+ aged general public, Paraguay, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 64.770
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PY 2014 15+ aged general public, Paraguay, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 72.780
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PY 2007 15+ aged general public, Paraguay, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 64.800
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RO 2013 15+ aged general public, Romania, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 31.120
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PY 2006 15+ aged general public, Paraguay, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 51.280
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PT 2019 15+ aged general public, Portugal, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.990
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PT 2018 15+ aged general public, Portugal, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.110
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PT 2017 15+ aged general public, Portugal, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.490
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PT 2016 15+ aged general public, Portugal, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.730
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PT 2015 15+ aged general public, Portugal, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 28.640
Helliwell et al. (2020): study PT 2014 15+ aged general public, Portugal, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.740
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RO 2007 15+ aged general public, Romania, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.760
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RO 2014 15+ aged general public, Romania, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.380
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RU 2014 15+ aged general public, Russia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.630
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RS 2016 15+ aged general public, Serbia, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 23.670
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RU 2013 15+ aged general public, Russia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.980
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RU 2007 15+ aged general public, Russia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.980
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RU 2006 15+ aged general public, Russia, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.900
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RS 2019 15+ aged general public, Serbia, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 26.700
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RS 2018 15+ aged general public, Serbia, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 26.260
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RS 2017 15+ aged general public, Serbia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 18.330
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RS 2015 15+ aged general public, Serbia, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 19.370
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RO 2015 15+ aged general public, Romania, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.260
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RS 2014 15+ aged general public, Serbia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 17.160
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RS 2013 15+ aged general public, Serbia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 12.570
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RS 2007 15+ aged general public, Serbia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 24.160
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RO 2019 15+ aged general public, Romania, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.380
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RO 2018 15+ aged general public, Romania, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.690
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RO 2017 15+ aged general public, Romania, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.290
Helliwell et al. (2020): study RO 2016 15+ aged general public, Romania, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.670
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SG 2016 15+ aged general public, Singapore, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 71.300
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SG 2018 15+ aged general public, Singapore, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 68.020
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TM 2014 15+ aged general public, Turkmenistan, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.130
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TG 2006 15+ aged general public, Togo, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 26.630
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TG 2019 15+ aged general public, Togo, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 14.640
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TG 2018 15+ aged general public, Togo, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 16.200
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TG 2017 15+ aged general public, Togo, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 18.840
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TG 2016 15+ aged general public, Togo, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 12.140
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TG 2015 15+ aged general public, Togo, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 18.300
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TG 2014 15+ aged general public, Togo, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 13.990
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SZ 2019 15+ aged general public, Swaziland, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.800
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TH 2007 15+ aged general public, Thailand, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 65.180
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SZ 2018 15+ aged general public, Swaziland, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.200
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SY 2015 15+ aged general public, Syria, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= -27.310
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SY 2013 15+ aged general public, Syria, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= -23.520
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SS 2017 15+ aged general public, South Sudan, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.820
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SS 2016 15+ aged general public, South Sudan, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.550
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SS 2015 15+ aged general public, South Sudan, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 13.650
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TH 2006 15+ aged general public, Thailand, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 64.940
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TH 2013 15+ aged general public, Thailand, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 70.520
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SO 2016 15+ aged general public, Somalia, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 69.810
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TJ 2014 15+ aged general public, Tajikistan, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.990
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TM 2013 15+ aged general public, Turkmenistan, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.910
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TJ 2019 15+ aged general public, Tajikistan, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.050
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TJ 2018 15+ aged general public, Tajikistan, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 47.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TJ 2017 15+ aged general public, Tajikistan, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.490
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TJ 2016 15+ aged general public, Tajikistan, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.470
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TJ 2015 15+ aged general public, Tajikistan, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.330
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TJ 2013 15+ aged general public, Tajikistan, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.690
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TH 2014 15+ aged general public, Thailand, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 64.260
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TJ 2007 15+ aged general public, Tajikistan, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.110
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TJ 2006 15+ aged general public, Tajikistan, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.110
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TH 2019 15+ aged general public, Thailand, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 63.470
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TH 2018 15+ aged general public, Thailand, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 64.530
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TH 2017 15+ aged general public, Thailand, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 58.470
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TH 2016 15+ aged general public, Thailand, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.690
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TH 2015 15+ aged general public, Thailand, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 73.640
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SS 2014 15+ aged general public, South Sudan, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 18.570
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SO 2015 15+ aged general public, Somalia, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 71.390
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SG 2019 15+ aged general public, Singapore, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 58.450
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SK 2006 15+ aged general public, Slovakia, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.030
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SK 2018 15+ aged general public, Slovakia, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.090
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SK 2017 15+ aged general public, Slovakia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.530
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SK 2016 15+ aged general public, Slovakia, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.230
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SK 2015 15+ aged general public, Slovakia, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.450
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SK 2014 15+ aged general public, Slovakia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.670
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SK 2013 15+ aged general public, Slovakia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.110
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SI 2019 15+ aged general public, Slovenia, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.090
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SL 2006 15+ aged general public, Sierra Leone, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 12.440
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SI 2018 15+ aged general public, Slovenia, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.850
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SI 2017 15+ aged general public, Slovenia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.950
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SI 2016 15+ aged general public, Slovenia, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.460
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SI 2015 15+ aged general public, Slovenia, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.770
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SI 2014 15+ aged general public, Slovenia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.900
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SI 2013 15+ aged general public, Slovenia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.080
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SI 2006 15+ aged general public, Slovenia, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.500
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SK 2019 15+ aged general public, Slovakia, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.860
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SL 2007 15+ aged general public, Sierra Leone, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.190
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SO 2014 15+ aged general public, Somalia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 62.720
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SN 2013 15+ aged general public, Senegal, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 51.500
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SN 2019 15+ aged general public, Senegal, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.700
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SN 2018 15+ aged general public, Senegal, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.680
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SN 2017 15+ aged general public, Senegal, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.490
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SN 2016 15+ aged general public, Senegal, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.900
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SN 2015 15+ aged general public, Senegal, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.340
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SN 2014 15+ aged general public, Senegal, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.750
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SN 2007 15+ aged general public, Senegal, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 51.530
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SL 2013 15+ aged general public, Sierra Leone, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 9.810
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SN 2006 15+ aged general public, Senegal, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 51.500
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SL 2019 15+ aged general public, Sierra Leone, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.520
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SL 2018 15+ aged general public, Sierra Leone, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 8.540
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SL 2017 15+ aged general public, Sierra Leone, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 10.530
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SL 2016 15+ aged general public, Sierra Leone, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 12.780
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SL 2015 15+ aged general public, Sierra Leone, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 21.070
Helliwell et al. (2020): study SL 2014 15+ aged general public, Sierra Leone, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 23.610
Helliwell et al. (2020): study KW 2006 15+ aged general public, Kuwait, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 66.370
Helliwell et al. (2020): study KR 2018 15+ aged general public, Korea (South), 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.410
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AF 2013 15+ aged general public, Afghanistan, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.730
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TD 2018 15+ aged general public, Chad, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 0.890
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CL 2015 15+ aged general public, Chile, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 47.030
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CL 2014 15+ aged general public, Chile, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 59.370
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CL 2013 15+ aged general public, Chile, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.960
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CL 2007 15+ aged general public, Chile, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.470
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CL 2006 15+ aged general public, Chile, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.650
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TD 2019 15+ aged general public, Chad, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 12.710
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TD 2017 15+ aged general public, Chad, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 8.930
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CL 2017 15+ aged general public, Chile, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.740
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TD 2016 15+ aged general public, Chad, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 11.490
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TD 2015 15+ aged general public, Chad, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 24.820
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TD 2014 15+ aged general public, Chad, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 20.780
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TD 2013 15+ aged general public, Chad, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 14.740
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TD 2007 15+ aged general public, Chad, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.830
Helliwell et al. (2020): study TD 2006 15+ aged general public, Chad, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 31.780
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CL 2016 15+ aged general public, Chile, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 58.620
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CL 2018 15+ aged general public, Chile, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.670
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CF 2016 15+ aged general public, Central African Republic, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 8.440
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CN 2019 15+ aged general public, China, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 74.430
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CO 2016 15+ aged general public, Colombia, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.930
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CO 2015 15+ aged general public, Colombia, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.750
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CO 2014 15+ aged general public, Colombia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.900
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CO 2013 15+ aged general public, Colombia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.250
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CO 2007 15+ aged general public, Colombia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.120
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CO 2006 15+ aged general public, Colombia, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 47.410
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CN 2018 15+ aged general public, China, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 66.610
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CL 2019 15+ aged general public, Chile, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 47.140
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CN 2017 15+ aged general public, China, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 60.710
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CN 2016 15+ aged general public, China, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 68.050
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CN 2015 15+ aged general public, China, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 63.760
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CN 2014 15+ aged general public, China, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 74.250
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CN 2013 15+ aged general public, China, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 69.420
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CN 2007 15+ aged general public, China, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 65.890
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CN 2006 15+ aged general public, China, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 63.970
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CF 2017 15+ aged general public, Central African Republic, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 1.450
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CF 2007 15+ aged general public, Central African Republic, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 23.800
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CO 2018 15+ aged general public, Colombia, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BI 2018 15+ aged general public, Burundi, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.370
Helliwell et al. (2020): study KH 2017 15+ aged general public, Cambodia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.030
Helliwell et al. (2020): study KH 2016 15+ aged general public, Cambodia, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.040
Helliwell et al. (2020): study KH 2015 15+ aged general public, Cambodia, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.340
Helliwell et al. (2020): study KH 2014 15+ aged general public, Cambodia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.130
Helliwell et al. (2020): study KH 2013 15+ aged general public, Cambodia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.140
Helliwell et al. (2020): study KH 2006 15+ aged general public, Cambodia, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.750
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BI 2014 15+ aged general public, Burundi, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.460
Helliwell et al. (2020): study KH 2019 15+ aged general public, Cambodia, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BF 2019 15+ aged general public, Burkina Faso, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.620
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BF 2018 15+ aged general public, Burkina Faso, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.800
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BF 2017 15+ aged general public, Burkina Faso, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 23.140
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BF 2016 15+ aged general public, Burkina Faso, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 27.880
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BF 2015 15+ aged general public, Burkina Faso, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 22.010
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BF 2014 15+ aged general public, Burkina Faso, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.810
Helliwell et al. (2020): study KH 2018 15+ aged general public, Cambodia, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.020
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CM 2006 15+ aged general public, Cameroon, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 33.470
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CA 2019 15+ aged general public, Canada, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.760
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CA 2007 15+ aged general public, Canada, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CA 2018 15+ aged general public, Canada, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.430
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CA 2017 15+ aged general public, Canada, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 64.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CA 2016 15+ aged general public, Canada, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 58.720
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CA 2015 15+ aged general public, Canada, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.900
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CA 2014 15+ aged general public, Canada, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CA 2013 15+ aged general public, Canada, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 58.840
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CA 2005 15+ aged general public, Canada, 2005 N = 1000
Mean
= 60.530
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CM 2007 15+ aged general public, Cameroon, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.620
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CM 2019 15+ aged general public, Cameroon, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.310
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CM 2018 15+ aged general public, Cameroon, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 28.680
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CM 2017 15+ aged general public, Cameroon, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 25.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CM 2016 15+ aged general public, Cameroon, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.440
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CM 2015 15+ aged general public, Cameroon, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.440
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CM 2014 15+ aged general public, Cameroon, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.670
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CM 2013 15+ aged general public, Cameroon, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.290
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CO 2017 15+ aged general public, Colombia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.760
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CO 2019 15+ aged general public, Colombia, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.070
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BF 2007 15+ aged general public, Burkina Faso, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.000
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CZ 2017 15+ aged general public, Czech Republic, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 51.210
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DK 2015 15+ aged general public, Denmark, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.160
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DK 2014 15+ aged general public, Denmark, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 59.990
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DK 2013 15+ aged general public, Denmark, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 66.770
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DK 2007 15+ aged general public, Denmark, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 63.350
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DK 2005 15+ aged general public, Denmark, 2005 N = 1000
Mean
= 70.590
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CZ 2018 15+ aged general public, Czech Republic, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.560
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CZ 2016 15+ aged general public, Czech Republic, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.470
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DK 2017 15+ aged general public, Denmark, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.790
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CZ 2015 15+ aged general public, Czech Republic, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.470
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CZ 2014 15+ aged general public, Czech Republic, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.320
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CZ 2013 15+ aged general public, Czech Republic, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.730
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CZ 2007 15+ aged general public, Czech Republic, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.950
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CZ 2005 15+ aged general public, Czech Republic, 2005 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.490
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CY 2019 15+ aged general public, Cyprus, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 47.250
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DK 2016 15+ aged general public, Denmark, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 62.850
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DK 2018 15+ aged general public, Denmark, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.540
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CY 2017 15+ aged general public, Cyprus, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.370
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DO 2019 15+ aged general public, Dominican Republic, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.020
Helliwell et al. (2020): study EC 2016 15+ aged general public, Ecuador, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.110
Helliwell et al. (2020): study EC 2015 15+ aged general public, Ecuador, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.760
Helliwell et al. (2020): study EC 2014 15+ aged general public, Ecuador, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.350
Helliwell et al. (2020): study EC 2013 15+ aged general public, Ecuador, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 58.440
Helliwell et al. (2020): study EC 2007 15+ aged general public, Ecuador, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.710
Helliwell et al. (2020): study EC 2006 15+ aged general public, Ecuador, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.800
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DO 2018 15+ aged general public, Dominican Republic, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.350
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DK 2019 15+ aged general public, Denmark, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 68.090
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DO 2017 15+ aged general public, Dominican Republic, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.420
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DO 2016 15+ aged general public, Dominican Republic, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.190
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DO 2015 15+ aged general public, Dominican Republic, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.870
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DO 2014 15+ aged general public, Dominican Republic, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.760
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DO 2013 15+ aged general public, Dominican Republic, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.820
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DO 2007 15+ aged general public, Dominican Rebublic, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.650
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DO 2006 15+ aged general public, Dominican Republic, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 47.340
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CY 2018 15+ aged general public, Cyprus, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.210
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CY 2016 15+ aged general public, Cyprus, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.570
Helliwell et al. (2020): study KM 2018 15+ aged general public, Comoros, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.020
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CD 2013 15+ aged general public, Congo (Kinshasa), 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.210
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CR 2007 15+ aged general public, Costa Rica, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 63.520
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CR 2006 15+ aged general public, Costa Rica, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 63.220
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CD 2017 15+ aged general public, Congo (Kinshasa), 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 14.630
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CD 2016 15+ aged general public, Congo (Kinshasa), 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.390
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CD 2015 15+ aged general public, Congo (Kinshasa), 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 28.810
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CD 2014 15+ aged general public, Congo (Kinshasa), 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 25.420
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CG 2019 15+ aged general public, Congo (Brazzaville), 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 24.020
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CR 2014 15+ aged general public, Costa Rica, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.730
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CG 2018 15+ aged general public, Congo (Brazzaville), 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 13.990
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CG 2017 15+ aged general public, Congo (Brazzaville), 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 21.730
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CG 2016 15+ aged general public, Congo (Brazzaville), 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.660
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CG 2015 15+ aged general public, Congo (Brazzaville), 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.540
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CG 2014 15+ aged general public, Congo (Brazzaville), 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 19.500
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CG 2013 15+ aged general public, Congo (Brazzaville), 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 31.860
Helliwell et al. (2020): study KM 2019 15+ aged general public, Comoros, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.010
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CR 2013 15+ aged general public, Costa Rica, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.210
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CR 2015 15+ aged general public, Costa Rica, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.330
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CY 2015 15+ aged general public, Cyprus, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.360
Helliwell et al. (2020): study HR 2017 15+ aged general public, Croatia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 33.880
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CY 2014 15+ aged general public, Cyprus, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.010
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CY 2013 15+ aged general public, Cyprus, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.760
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CY 2006 15+ aged general public, Cyprus, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.620
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CU 2006 15+ aged general public, Cuba, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.010
Helliwell et al. (2020): study HR 2019 15+ aged general public, Croatia, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 28.150
Helliwell et al. (2020): study HR 2018 15+ aged general public, Croatia, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.170
Helliwell et al. (2020): study HR 2016 15+ aged general public, Croatia, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 27.710
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CR 2016 15+ aged general public, Costa Rica, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 59.220
Helliwell et al. (2020): study HR 2015 15+ aged general public, Croatia, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 31.490
Helliwell et al. (2020): study HR 2014 15+ aged general public, Croatia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 31.030
Helliwell et al. (2020): study HR 2013 15+ aged general public, Croatia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.530
Helliwell et al. (2020): study HR 2007 15+ aged general public, Croatia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 24.920
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CR 2019 15+ aged general public, Costa Rica, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.500
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CR 2018 15+ aged general public, Costa Rica, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.420
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CR 2017 15+ aged general public, Costa Rica, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 59.900
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BF 2013 15+ aged general public, Burkina Faso, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.300
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BF 2006 15+ aged general public, Burkina Faso, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.070
Helliwell et al. (2020): study EC 2018 15+ aged general public, Ecuador, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.830
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AT 2013 15+ aged general public, Austria, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 62.470
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AT 2019 15+ aged general public, Austria, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.930
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AT 2018 15+ aged general public, Austria, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.630
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AT 2017 15+ aged general public, Austria, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.730
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AT 2016 15+ aged general public, Austria, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.850
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AT 2015 15+ aged general public, Austria, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 63.380
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AT 2014 15+ aged general public, Austria, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 60.950
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AT 2006 15+ aged general public, Austria, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 64.930
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AZ 2007 15+ aged general public, Azerbaijan, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 23.620
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AU 2019 15+ aged general public, Australia, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.790
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AU 2018 15+ aged general public, Australia, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.160
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AU 2017 15+ aged general public, Australia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.470
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AU 2016 15+ aged general public, Australia, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AU 2015 15+ aged general public, Australia, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 58.040
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AU 2014 15+ aged general public, Australia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.990
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AZ 2006 15+ aged general public, Azerbaijan, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 23.600
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AZ 2013 15+ aged general public, Azerbaijan, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.640
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AU 2007 15+ aged general public, Australia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.090
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BH 2016 15+ aged general public, Bahrain, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.370
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BD 2016 15+ aged general public, Bangladesh, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.490
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BD 2015 15+ aged general public, Bangladesh, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.880
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BD 2013 15+ aged general public, Bangladesh, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.300
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BD 2007 15+ aged general public, Bangladesh, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.150
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BD 2006 15+ aged general public, Bangladesh, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 27.920
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BH 2017 15+ aged general public, Bahrain, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.380
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BH 2015 15+ aged general public, Bahrain, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.260
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AZ 2014 15+ aged general public, Azerbaijan, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.760
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BH 2013 15+ aged general public, Bahrain, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.220
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AU 2005 15+ aged general public, Australia, 2005 N = 1000
Mean
= 60.460
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AZ 2019 15+ aged general public, Azerbaijan, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 47.860
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AZ 2018 15+ aged general public, Azerbaijan, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.120
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AZ 2017 15+ aged general public, Azerbaijan, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.400
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AZ 2016 15+ aged general public, Azerbaijan, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.650
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AZ 2015 15+ aged general public, Azerbaijan, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.050
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AU 2013 15+ aged general public, Australia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 64.170
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AM 2018 15+ aged general public, Armenia, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 12.660
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BD 2018 15+ aged general public, Bangladesh, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 18.010
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AL 2016 15+ aged general public, Albania, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.350
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DZ 2017 15+ aged general public, Algeria, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.330
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DZ 2016 15+ aged general public, Algeria, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 28.340
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DZ 2014 15+ aged general public, Algeria, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.900
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AL 2019 15+ aged general public, Albania, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.730
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AL 2018 15+ aged general public, Albania, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.430
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AL 2017 15+ aged general public, Albania, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 33.540
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AL 2015 15+ aged general public, Albania, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 33.790
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DZ 2019 15+ aged general public, Algeria, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.970
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AL 2013 15+ aged general public, Albania, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.520
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AL 2007 15+ aged general public, Albania, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.630
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AF 2019 15+ aged general public, Afghanistan, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= -15.110
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AF 2018 15+ aged general public, Afghanistan, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 1.920
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AF 2016 15+ aged general public, Afghanistan, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 21.660
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AF 2015 15+ aged general public, Afghanistan, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 21.430
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AF 2014 15+ aged general public, Afghanistan, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 15.680
Helliwell et al. (2020): study DZ 2018 15+ aged general public, Algeria, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.810
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AO 2013 15+ aged general public, Angola, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 28.740
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AM 2017 15+ aged general public, Armenia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 18.790
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AR 2019 15+ aged general public, Argentina, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.690
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AM 2016 15+ aged general public, Armenia, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 15.640
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AM 2015 15+ aged general public, Armenia, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 15.620
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AM 2014 15+ aged general public, Armenia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 17.700
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AM 2013 15+ aged general public, Armenia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 11.220
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AM 2007 15+ aged general public,Armenia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 9.540
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AM 2006 15+ aged general public, Armenia, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.470
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AR 2018 15+ aged general public, Argentina, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.980
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AO 2014 15+ aged general public,Angola, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 21.070
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AR 2017 15+ aged general public, Argentina, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 51.770
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AR 2016 15+ aged general public, Argentina, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.030
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AR 2015 15+ aged general public, Argentina, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.320
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AR 2014 15+ aged general public, Argentina, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.920
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AR 2013 15+ aged general public, Argentina, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 58.830
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AR 2007 15+ aged general public, Argentina, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.890
Helliwell et al. (2020): study AR 2006 15+ aged general public, Argentina, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.650
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BD 2017 15+ aged general public, Bangladesh, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.530
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BD 2019 15+ aged general public, Bangladesh, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 16.780
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BG 2019 15+ aged general public, Bulgaria, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.290
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BA 2018 15+ aged general public, Bosnia Herzegovina, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.560
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BW 2016 15+ aged general public, Botswana, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.380
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BW 2015 15+ aged general public, Botswana, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BW 2014 15+ aged general public, Botswana, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.910
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BW 2013 15+ aged general public, Botswana, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.400
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BW 2006 15+ aged general public, Botswana, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.240
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BA 2019 15+ aged general public, Bosnia Herzegovina, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.490
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BA 2017 15+ aged general public, Bosnia Herzegovina, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.660
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BW 2018 15+ aged general public, Botswana, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.260
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BA 2016 15+ aged general public, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 33.670
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BA 2015 15+ aged general public, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 24.780
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BA 2014 15+ aged general public, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 26.930
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BA 2013 15+ aged general public, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 22.910
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BA 2007 15+ aged general public, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 31.630
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BO 2019 15+ aged general public, Bolivia, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 33.210
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BW 2017 15+ aged general public, Botswana, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.010
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BW 2019 15+ aged general public, Botswana, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.910
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BO 2017 15+ aged general public, Bolivia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 26.430
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BG 2007 15+ aged general public, Bulgaria, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.820
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BG 2018 15+ aged general public, Bulgaria, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.990
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BG 2017 15+ aged general public, Bulgaria, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.560
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BG 2016 15+ aged general public, Bulgaria, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 45.020
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BG 2015 15+ aged general public, Bulgaria, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.860
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BG 2014 15+ aged general public, Bulgaria, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.220
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BG 2013 15+ aged general public, Bulgaria, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.440
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BR 2019 15+ aged general public, Brazil, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.380
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BR 2005 15+ aged general public, Brazil, 2005 N = 1000
Mean
= 51.660
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BR 2018 15+ aged general public, Brazil, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.010
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BR 2017 15+ aged general public, Brazil, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.820
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BR 2016 15+ aged general public, Brazil, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 46.100
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BR 2015 15+ aged general public, Brazil, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.050
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BR 2014 15+ aged general public, Brazil, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 51.470
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BR 2013 15+ aged general public, Brazil, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.200
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BR 2007 15+ aged general public, Brazil, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.980
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BO 2018 15+ aged general public, Bolivia, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.450
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BO 2016 15+ aged general public, Bolivia, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.660
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BY 2006 15+ aged general public, Belarus, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 33.610
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BE 2005 15+ aged general public, Belgium, 2005 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.590
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BE 2017 15+ aged general public, Belgium, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.280
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BE 2016 15+ aged general public, Belgium, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.490
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BE 2015 15+ aged general public, Belgium, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.520
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BE 2014 15+ aged general public, Belgium, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.610
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BE 2013 15+ aged general public, Belgium, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 58.030
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BE 2007 15+ aged general public, Belgium, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 59.590
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BY 2019 15+ aged general public, Belarus, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.100
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BE 2019 15+ aged general public, Belgium, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.980
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BY 2018 15+ aged general public, Belarus, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 21.460
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BY 2017 15+ aged general public, Belarus, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.810
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BY 2016 15+ aged general public, Belarus, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.180
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BY 2015 15+ aged general public, Belarus, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.940
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BY 2014 15+ aged general public, Belarus, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.040
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BY 2013 15+ aged general public, Belarus, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 40.250
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BY 2007 15+ aged general public, Belarus, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.100
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BE 2018 15+ aged general public, Belgium, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.930
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BZ 2007 15+ aged general public, Belize, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 50.820
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BO 2015 15+ aged general public, Bolivia, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.290
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BT 2013 15+ aged general public, Bhutan, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.140
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BO 2014 15+ aged general public, Bolivia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.040
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BO 2013 15+ aged general public, Bolivia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.880
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BO 2007 15+ aged general public, Bolivia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.330
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BO 2006 15+ aged general public, Bolivia, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.730
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BT 2015 15+ aged general public, Bhutan, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.810
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BT 2014 15+ aged general public, Bhutan, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 53.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BJ 2019 15+ aged general public, Benin, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 21.740
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BZ 2014 15+ aged general public, Belize, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 47.340
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BJ 2018 15+ aged general public, Benin, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 17.880
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BJ 2017 15+ aged general public, Benin, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 15.680
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BJ 2016 15+ aged general public, Benin, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 15.250
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BJ 2015 15+ aged general public, Benin, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 21.880
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BJ 2014 15+ aged general public, Benin, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 31.630
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BJ 2013 15+ aged general public, Benin, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 48.570
Helliwell et al. (2020): study BJ 2006 15+ aged general public, Benin, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 27.810
Helliwell et al. (2020): study EC 2017 15+ aged general public, Ecuador, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 51.480
Helliwell et al. (2020): study EC 2019 15+ aged general public, Ecuador, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.750
Helliwell et al. (2020): study KR 2017 15+ aged general public, Korea (South), 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.860
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IL 2018 15+ aged general public, Israel, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.140
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IT 2016 15+ aged general public, Italy, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.620
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IT 2015 15+ aged general public, Italy, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.260
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IT 2014 15+ aged general public, Italy, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.000
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IT 2013 15+ aged general public, Italy, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.220
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IT 2007 15+ aged general public, Italy, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.220
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IT 2005 15+ aged general public, Italy, 2005 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.410
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IL 2017 15+ aged general public, Israel, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 39.710
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IT 2018 15+ aged general public, Italy, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 24.600
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IL 2016 15+ aged general public, Israel, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.610
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IL 2015 15+ aged general public, Israel, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.030
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IL 2014 15+ aged general public, Israel, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 33.300
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IL 2013 15+ aged general public, Israel, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 28.940
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IL 2007 15+ aged general public, Israel, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.580
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IL 2006 15+ aged general public, Israel, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.790
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IT 2017 15+ aged general public, Italy, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 33.830
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IT 2019 15+ aged general public, Italy, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.310
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IE 2018 15+ aged general public, Ireland, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 59.780
Helliwell et al. (2020): study JP 2016 15+ aged general public, Japan, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.770
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CI 2015 15+ aged general public, Ivory Coast, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 31.670
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CI 2014 15+ aged general public, Ivory Coast, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.640
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CI 2013 15+ aged general public, Ivory Coast, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 43.690
Helliwell et al. (2020): study JP 2019 15+ aged general public, Japan, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.840
Helliwell et al. (2020): study JP 2018 15+ aged general public, Japan, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 51.810
Helliwell et al. (2020): study JP 2017 15+ aged general public, Japan, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.490
Helliwell et al. (2020): study JP 2015 15+ aged general public, Japan, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 59.170
Helliwell et al. (2020): study JM 2006 15+ aged general public, Jamaica, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 58.760
Helliwell et al. (2020): study JP 2014 15+ aged general public, Japan, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.210
Helliwell et al. (2020): study JP 2013 15+ aged general public, Japan, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.920
Helliwell et al. (2020): study JP 2007 15+ aged general public, Japan, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.490
Helliwell et al. (2020): study JP 2005 15+ aged general public, Japan, 2005 N = 1000
Mean
= 58.580
Helliwell et al. (2020): study JM 2017 15+ aged general public, Jamaica, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.590
Helliwell et al. (2020): study JM 2014 15+ aged general public, Jamaica, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.720
Helliwell et al. (2020): study JM 2013 15+ aged general public, Jamaica, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.110
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IE 2019 15+ aged general public, Ireland, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 58.370
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IE 2017 15+ aged general public, Ireland, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 62.060
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CI 2017 15+ aged general public, Ivory Coast, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.030
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ID 2007 15+ aged general public, Indonesia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.010
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ID 2018 15+ aged general public, Indonesia, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.770
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ID 2017 15+ aged general public, Indonesia, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.340
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ID 2016 15+ aged general public, Indonesia, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.120
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ID 2015 15+ aged general public, Indonesia, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 60.190
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ID 2014 15+ aged general public, Indonesia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 61.070
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ID 2013 15+ aged general public, Indonesia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 64.380
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ID 2006 15+ aged general public, Indonesia, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.910
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IR 2005 15+ aged general public, Iran, 2005 N = 1000
Mean
= 15.210
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IN 2019 15+ aged general public, India, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 18.140
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IN 2018 15+ aged general public, India, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.980
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IN 2017 15+ aged general public, India, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 36.420
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IN 2016 15+ aged general public, India, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.880
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IN 2015 15+ aged general public, India, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 37.880
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IN 2014 15+ aged general public, India, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 42.640
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ID 2019 15+ aged general public, Indonesia, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.500
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IR 2007 15+ aged general public, Iran, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 26.420
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IE 2016 15+ aged general public, Ireland, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 59.810
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IQ 2016 15+ aged general public, Iraq, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= -8.110
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IE 2015 15+ aged general public, Ireland, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.400
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IE 2014 15+ aged general public, Ireland, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 55.560
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IE 2013 15+ aged general public, Ireland, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 56.910
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IE 2006 15+ aged general public, Ireland, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 66.960
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IQ 2018 15+ aged general public, Iraq, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 19.320
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IQ 2017 15+ aged general public, Iraq, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= -8.530
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IQ 2015 15+ aged general public, Iraq, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= -9.120
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IR 2013 15+ aged general public, Iran, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 10.720
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IQ 2014 15+ aged general public, Iraq, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 1.000
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IR 2019 15+ aged general public, Iran, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 15.200
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IR 2018 15+ aged general public, Iran, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.000
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IR 2017 15+ aged general public, Iran, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 25.510
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IR 2016 15+ aged general public, Iran, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 16.090
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IR 2015 15+ aged general public, Iran, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 12.500
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IR 2014 15+ aged general public, Iran, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 10.680
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CI 2016 15+ aged general public, Ivory Coast, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.560
Helliwell et al. (2020): study CI 2018 15+ aged general public, Ivory Coast, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 29.650
Helliwell et al. (2020): study IN 2007 15+ aged general public, India, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 41.600
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ES 2018 15+ aged general public, Spain, 2018 N = 1000
Mean
= 30.200
Helliwell et al. (2020): study GB 2015 15+ aged general public, United Kingdom, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 57.850
Helliwell et al. (2020): study GB 2014 15+ aged general public, United Kingdom, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.290
Helliwell et al. (2020): study GB 2013 15+ aged general public, United Kingdom, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 52.360
Helliwell et al. (2020): study GB 2007 15+ aged general public, United Kingdom, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.130
Helliwell et al. (2020): study GB 2005 15+ aged general public, United Kingdom, 2005 N = 1000
Mean
= 60.230
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ES 2019 15+ aged general public, Spain, 2019 N = 1000
Mean
= 34.780
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ES 2017 15+ aged general public, Spain, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.270
Helliwell et al. (2020): study GB 2017 15+ aged general public, United Kingdom, 2017 N = 1000
Mean
= 54.900
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ES 2016 15+ aged general public, Spain, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 35.200
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ES 2015 15+ aged general public, Spain, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 44.760
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ES 2014 15+ aged general public, Spain, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 38.080
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ES 2013 15+ aged general public, Spain, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 32.450
Helliwell et al. (2020): study ES 2007 15+ aged general public, Spain, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 49.950