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Happiness Measures

Characteristics

Code:
A-AB-g-mq-v-4-a
Focus:
Affect: Affect Balance (Various) (A-AB)
Time frame:
generally (g)
Mode:
multiple questions (mq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:
4

Description

Self report on 9 items

Thinking about yourself and how you normally feel: how often do you feel as described below?

A. Happy
B. Scared
C. Lively
D. Miserable
E. Proud
F. Afraid
G. Joyful
H. Sad
I. Cheerful

Rated:
1 = Never
2 = Rarely
3 = Sometimes
4 = Always

Positive Affect (PA)     = A + C + E + G + I
Negative Affect (NA)  = B + D + G + H

Affect Balance (AB) = PA/5 minus NA/4

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Statistics OECD (2019a): study ZZ 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, multiple countries, 2018 N = 493202
Mean
= 0.880
SD
= 0.920
OECD (2019a): study AE 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, United Arab Emirates, 2018 N = 17467
Mean
= 1.010
SD
= 1.020
OECD (2019a): study AL 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils,Albania, 2018 N = 6041
Mean
= 1.550
SD
= 0.770
OECD (2019a): study AR 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Argentina, 2018 N = 9009
Mean
= 0.950
SD
= 0.900
OECD (2019a): study AT 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Austria, 2018 N = 6151
Mean
= 0.870
SD
= 0.930
OECD (2019a): study BG 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Bulgaria, 2018 N = 3992
Mean
= 0.860
SD
= 0.960
OECD (2019a): study BA 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Bosnia Herzegovina, 2018 N = 5461
Mean
= 1.100
SD
= 0.910
OECD (2019a): study BY 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils,Belarus 2018 N = 5472
Mean
= 1.040
SD
= 0.830
OECD (2019a): study BR 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Brazil, 2018 N = 7647
Mean
= 0.760
SD
= 0.830
OECD (2019a): study BN 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Brunei Darussalam, 2018 N = 6014
Mean
= 0.460
SD
= 0.790
OECD (2019a): study CA 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Canada, 2018 N = 19304
Mean
= 0.760
SD
= 0.980
OECD (2019a): study CH 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Switzerland, 2018 N = 4928
Mean
= 0.910
SD
= 0.840
OECD (2019a): study CL 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Chile, 2018 N = 6388
Mean
= 1.010
SD
= 0.930
OECD (2019a): study CO 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Colombia, 2018 N = 6285
Mean
= 0.950
SD
= 0.830
OECD (2019a): study CR 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Costa Rica, 2018 N = 6006
Mean
= 1.160
SD
= 0.800
OECD (2019a): study CZ 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Czech Repubic, 2018 N = 6318
Mean
= 0.550
SD
= 0.970
OECD (2019a): study DE 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Germany, 2018 N = 3919
Mean
= 0.850
SD
= 0.870
OECD (2019a): study DO 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils,Dominican Republic, 2018 N = 2670
Mean
= 1.150
SD
= 0.860
OECD (2019a): study ES 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Spain, 2018 N = 31623
Mean
= 0.890
SD
= 0.820
OECD (2019a): study EE 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Estonia, 2018 N = 4961
Mean
= 0.630
SD
= 0.890
OECD (2019a): study FI 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Finland, 2018 N = 5179
Mean
= 0.760
SD
= 0.860
OECD (2019a): study FR 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, France, 2018 N = 5209
Mean
= 0.850
SD
= 0.840
OECD (2019a): study GB 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, United Kingdom, 2018 N = 12197
Mean
= 0.500
SD
= 0.940
OECD (2019a): study GE 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Georgia, 2018 N = 4273
Mean
= 1.030
SD
= 0.940
OECD (2019a): study GR 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils,Greece, 2018 N = 5738
Mean
= 0.770
SD
= 0.890
OECD (2019a): study HK 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Hong Kong, 2018 N = 5526
Mean
= 0.300
SD
= 0.820
OECD (2019a): study HR 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Croatia, 2018 N = 6077
Mean
= 0.880
SD
= 0.890
OECD (2019a): study HU 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Hungary, 2018 N = 4742
Mean
= 0.930
SD
= 0.990
OECD (2019a): study ID 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Indonesia, 2018 N = 10908
Mean
= 0.950
SD
= 0.750
OECD (2019a): study IE 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Ireland, 2018 N = 5178
Mean
= 0.840
SD
= 0.840
OECD (2019a): study IS 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils,Iceland, 2018 N = 2865
Mean
= 0.980
SD
= 0.970
OECD (2019a): study IT 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Italy, 2018 N = 10052
Mean
= 0.630
SD
= 0.810
OECD (2019a): study JO 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Jordan, 2018 N = 7502
Mean
= 0.940
SD
= 0.980
OECD (2019a): study JP 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Japan, 2018 N = 5829
Mean
= 0.380
SD
= 0.790
OECD (2019a): study KZ 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils,Kazakhstan, 2018 N = 17442
Mean
= 1.210
SD
= 0.860
OECD (2019a): study KR 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Korea (south), 2018 N = 6463
Mean
= 0.730
SD
= 1.070
OECD (2019a): study LB 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils,Lebanon, 2018 N = 3596
Mean
= 0.660
SD
= 0.870
OECD (2019a): study LT 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Lithuania, 2018 N = 6188
Mean
= 1.010
SD
= 1.000
OECD (2019a): study LU 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Luxembourg , 2018 N = 4598
Mean
= 0.790
SD
= 0.930
OECD (2019a): study LV 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils,Latvia, 2018 N = 4838
Mean
= 0.720
SD
= 0.900
OECD (2019a): study MO 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Macao, 2018 N = 3674
Mean
= 0.590
SD
= 0.920
OECD (2019a): study MD 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Moldova, 2018 N = 4826
Mean
= 1.030
SD
= 0.820
OECD (2019a): study MX 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Mexico, 2018 N = 5437
Mean
= 1.150
SD
= 0.870
OECD (2019a): study MK 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, North Macedonia, 2018 N = 4710
Mean
= 1.430
SD
= 0.810
OECD (2019a): study MA 2018 /1 15-years-old highschool pupils, Morocco, 2018 N = 3802
Mean
= 0.470
SD
= 0.790
OECD (2019a): study ME 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Montenegro, 2018 N = 5502
Mean
= 1.280
SD
= 0.860
OECD (2019a): study MY 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Malaysia, 2018 N = 5728
Mean
= 0.840
SD
= 0.750
OECD (2019a): study NL 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Netherlands, 2018 N = 3665
Mean
= 0.950
SD
= 0.800
OECD (2019a): study PA 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Panama, 2018 N = 3417
Mean
= 1.120
SD
= 0.870
OECD (2019a): study PE 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Peru, 2018 N = 4185
Mean
= 1.140
SD
= 0.830
OECD (2019a): study PH 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Philippines, 2018 N = 5904
Mean
= 0.770
SD
= 0.680
OECD (2019a): study PL 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Poland, 2018 N = 5278
Mean
= 0.810
SD
= 0.950
OECD (2019a): study PT 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Potugal, 2018 N = 5347
Mean
= 0.800
SD
= 0.790
OECD (2019a): study QA 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Qatar, 2018 N = 10993
Mean
= 0.850
SD
= 0.960
OECD (2019a): study AZ Baku 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils Azerbaijan (Baku) 2018 N = 4302
Mean
= 0.940
SD
= 0.910
OECD (2019a): study CN 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, China (B-S-J-Z), 2018 N = 11696
Mean
= 0.520
SD
= 0.790
OECD (2019a): study RU Moscow 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Russia (Moscow Region), 2018 N = 0
Mean
= 0.880
SD
= 0.990
OECD (2019a): study RU Kazan 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Russia (Tatarstan), 2018 N = 5166
Mean
= 0.970
SD
= 0.990
OECD (2019a): study DK 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Denmark, 2018 N = 6396
Mean
= 1.160
SD
= 0.910
OECD (2019a): study XY Kosovo 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Kosovo, 2018 N = 4292
Mean
= 1.540
SD
= 0.810
OECD (2019a): study SA 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Saudi Arabia, 2018 N = 5113
Mean
= 1.288
SD
= 0.968
OECD (2019a): study RS 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils Serbia, 2018 N = 5300
Mean
= 1.245
SD
= 0.950
OECD (2019a): study SK 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Slovakia, 2018 N = 5191
Mean
= 0.626
SD
= 0.917
OECD (2019a): study SI 2018 15-years-old highschool pupil, Slovenia, 2018 N = 5747
Mean
= 0.590
SD
= 0.904
OECD (2019a): study SE 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Sweden, 2018 N = 4899
Mean
= 0.757
SD
= 0.973
OECD (2019a): study TW 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Taiwan, 2018 N = 6856
Mean
= 0.805
SD
= 0.813
OECD (2019a): study TH 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Thailand, 2018 N = 8103
Mean
= 0.791
SD
= 0.877
OECD (2019a): study TR 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Turkey, 2018 N = 6286
Mean
= 0.826
SD
= 0.967
OECD (2019a): study UA 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Ukraine, 2018 N = 5656
Mean
= 1.145
SD
= 0.799
OECD (2019a): study UY 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Uruguay, 2018 N = 3945
Mean
= 1.176
SD
= 0.900
OECD (2019a): study US 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, United States of America, 2018 N = 4405
Mean
= 0.751
SD
= 0.971
OECD (2019a): study VN 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Viet Nam, 2018 N = 5228
Mean
= 0.665
SD
= 0.817
OECD (2019a): study RO 2018 15-years-old highschool pupils, Romania, 2018 N = 0
Mean
= 1.080
SD
= 0.870
OECD (2019a): study RU 2018 /1 15-years-old highschool pupils, Russia, 2018 N = 6754
Mean
= 0.910
SD
= 0.970