Happiness Measures

Measures of Happiness: A-AB-cm-mq-v-5-e


Affect: Affect Balance (Various) (A-AB)
Time frame:
last month, last few weeks (cm)
multiple questions (mq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:


Self report on 30 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during the past few weeks?
A   Interested
B   Sad
C   Frightened
D   Alert
E   Excited
F   Ashamed
G   Upset
H   Happy
I    Strong
J   Nervous
K   Guilty
L   Energetic
M   Scared
N   Calm
O   Miserable
P   Jittery
Q   Cheerful
R   Active
S   Proud
T   Afraid
U   Joyful
V   Lonely
W  Mad
X   Fearless
Y   Disgusted
Z   Delighted
AA Blue
AB Daring
AC Gloomy
AD Lively

Answer options:
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): B, C, F, G, J, K, M, O, P, T, V, W, Y, AA, AC
Positive affect score   (PAS):A, D, E, H, I, L, N, Q, R, S, U, X, Z, AB, AD
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS. Adapted for children by Laurent et al. (Version PANAS-C)

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Mean
Standard Deviation
McKnight-Hexdall & Huebner (2007): study US 2004 11-21 aged lymphoma patients and controls, USA, 2004 N = 29
= 2.000
Froh et al. (2009a): study US 2006 8-19 aged participants in a gratitude intervention and controls, USA, 200? N = 89
= 23.590
Owens & Patterson (2013): study US 2008 5-11 aged children participating in a psychological training and controls, USA, 200? N = 62