Happiness measure, code: A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-b

Selfreport on single question, answered every evening before retiring during six weeks (experience sampling)

"On average; how elated or depressed, happy or unhappy you felt today....?
10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9 Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous
delight and buoyancy
8 Elated and in high spirits
7 Feeling very good and cheerful
6 Feeling pretty good , "OK"
5 Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so
4 Spirits low and somewhat 'blue'
3 Depressed and feeling very low.
Definitely 'blue'
2 Tremendously depressed.
Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful"
1 Utter depression and gloom. Completely down.
All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.

Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - depression scale'
Focus, A-ARE Affect: Average Repeated Overall Estimat
Time frame, md last day
Mode, sqr 1 question, repeated
Scale type, v verbal scale Range = 10
Used in studies
ReferenceClum & Clum (1973): study US 1971
TitleChoice of Defense Mechanisms and Their Relationship to Mood Level
PublicUndergrates, San Diego State College, USA, 197?
Findingsdistributional: no, correlational: yes
ReferenceGorman (1971): study US 1970
TitleA Multivariate Study of the Relationship of Cognitive Control and Cognitive Style Principles to Reported Daily Mood Experiences.
PublicUndergraduate students, Nassau Community College, USA, 1970
Findingsdistributional: yes, correlational: yes
ReferenceGurman (1972): study US 1970
TitleTherapists' Mood Patterns and Therapeutic Facilitativeness.
PublicStudent psychotherapists, Columbia University, USA, 1970
Findingsdistributional: no, correlational: yes
ReferenceHarder (1969): study US 1969
TitleSelf-Actualization, Mood, and Personality Adjustment in Married Women.
PublicMarried females, USA, 196?
Findingsdistributional: yes, correlational: yes
ReferenceLudwig (1970): study US 1965
TitleIntra- and Inter-Individual Relationships between Elation-Depression and Desire for Excitement.
PublicUniversity students, University of Wisconsin, USA, 196?
Findingsdistributional: no, correlational: yes
ReferenceRamzy-Saleh Guirguis & Hermans (1973): study NL 1970
TitleCorrelates of Psychological Well-Being and Emotionality.
PublicSecundary school pupils, The Netherlands, 1970
Findingsdistributional: no, correlational: yes
ReferenceReinhardt (1968): study US 1967
TitleCharacteristics of Moods in Hospitalized and Normally Functioning Women.
PublicFemale mental patients and controls, USA, 1967
Findingsdistributional: no, correlational: yes
ReferenceWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957
TitleMood and Personality.
PublicFemale college students, Radcliff USA, followed 6 weeks, 1957
Findingsdistributional: yes, correlational: yes
ReferenceWessman (1973): study US 1957
TitlePersonality and the subjective experience of time.
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
Findingsdistributional: no, correlational: yes
ReferenceWessman et al. (1960): study US 1957
TitleCharacteristics and Concomitants of Mood Fluctuations in College Women.
PublicFemale college students, followed 6 weeks, Radcliffe, USA, 1957
Findingsdistributional: yes, correlational: yes