Happiness measure, code: A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-b

Selfreport on 8 questions:

Using the scale below, indicate how much of the time during the PAST MONTH have you felt each emotion?
A affectionate
B joyful
C sad
D worried
E irritable
F guilty
G happy
H proud

1 never
2 slight amount (rare)
3 some of the time
4 about half the time
5 much of the time
6 almost always
7 always

Computation: (A+B+G+H)-(C+D+E+F)/8

Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance'
Focus, A-BD2 Affect: Balance (Diener's ABS)
Time frame, cm last month, last few weeks
Mode, mq multiple questions
Scale type, v verbal scale Range = 7
Used in studies
ReferenceBiswas-Diener et al. (2005): study ZZ Developing nations 2001
TitleMost People are Pretty Happy, but There is Cultural Variation:: The Inughuit, The Amish and the Maasai.
PublicAdults in 3 non-industrial cultures, 200?
Findingsdistributional: yes, correlational: yes
ReferenceCha (2003): study KR 1998
TitleSubjective Well-Being among College Students.
PublicCollege students, Korea, 199?
Findingsdistributional: yes, correlational: yes
ReferenceDiener et al. (1995a): study ZZ East-West pairs 1991 /1
TitleNational Differences in Reported Subjective Well-Being: Why do They Occur?
PublicCollege students, South Korea, China, USA, 199?
Findingsdistributional: yes, correlational: yes
ReferenceKirkcaldy et al. (2005): study ZZ 1995
TitleHealth Care and Subjective Well-Being in Nations.
PublicAdults, general public, 53 nations, 1990s
Findingsdistributional: no, correlational: yes