Happiness measure, code: A-BW-c-mq-v-5-a

Selfreport on 10 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate how often you feel this way in the present.
A upset
B hostile
C alert
D ashamed
E inspired
F nervous
G determined
H attentive
I afraid
J active

Answer options:
1 never
5 always

Computation: (C=E+G+H+J)/5 - (A+B+D+F+I)/5

Name: Watson et al's PANAS, International short form I-PANAS-SF
Focus, A-BW Affect: Balance (Watson et al PANAS)
Time frame, c currently (today, these days, presently)
Mode, mq multiple questions
Scale type, v verbal scale Range = 5
Used in studies
ReferenceLee et al. (2011b): study KR 2006
TitleUse of Social-Networking Sites and Subjective Well-Being: A Study in South Korea.
PublicUniversity students, South Korea, 2011
Findingsdistributional: yes, correlational: no
ReferenceParks et al. (2012): study US 2006
TitlePursuing Happiness in Everyday Life: The Characteristics and Behaviors of Online Happiness Seekers.
PublicUsers self-help website, USA, 2006-07
Findingsdistributional: yes, correlational: no
ReferenceReinecke & Trepte (2014): study DE 2010
TitleAuthenticity and Well-being on Social Network Sites: A Two-Wave Longitudinal Study on the Effects of Online Authenticity and the Positivity Bias in SNS Communication.
PublicSocial media users,, Germany, followed 6 months, 2010-2011
Findingsdistributional: yes, correlational: yes