Happiness measure, code: A-BW-m-mqr-v-5-a


Selfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you feel this way during the past few weeks:
A nervous
B distressed
C afraid
D jittery
E irritable
F upset
G scared
H exiled
I ashamed
J guilty
K hostile
L active
M determined
N inspired
O enthusiastic
P alert
Q attentive
R proud
S strong
T interested

Answer options:
1 very slightly or not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson's PANAS ('moment' version)
  
Classification
Focus, A-BW Affect: Balance (Watson et al PANAS)
Time frame, m momentary (now)
Mode, mqr multiple questions, repeated (number not reported)
Scale type, v verbal scale Range = 5
  
Used in studies
  
ReferenceLyubomirsky et al. (2006): study US 2006
TitleThe Costs and Benefits of Writing, Talking, and Thinking about Life's Triumphs and Defeats.
PublicStudent participants in a life review exercise and controls, California, USA, 2006
Findingsdistributional: no, correlational: yes
  
ReferenceMacLeod et al. (2008): study GB London 2008
TitleIncreasing Well-being through Teaching Goal-Setting and Planning Skills: Results of a Brief Intervention.
PublicParticipants in a goal training and controls, London, United Kingdom, 2008
Findingsdistributional: yes, correlational: yes
  
ReferenceRash et al. (2011): study CA 2011
TitleGratitude and Well-Being: Who Benefits the Most from a Gratitude Intervention?
PublicParticipants in a 4-week psychological training, Canada, 2011
Findingsdistributional: yes, correlational: yes