Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to one's own children
Subject code: C01ad01

StudyMiller et al. (1991): study US 1956
TitleMotherhood, Multiple Roles, and Maternal Well-Being: Women of the 1950 s.
SourceGender and Society, 1991, Vol. 5, 565 - 582
PublicWhite married mothers with children under age 13, USA 1956
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =356

Correlate
Author's labelMaternal inadequacy
Page in Source 568
Our classificationAttitudes to one's own children, code C01ad01
Operationalization
Self report on 3 questions
A I find it difficult to decide what's the right way to 
bring up children.
B I frequently feel that I don't understand my 
child(ren) these days.
C How often do you have doubts about whether you are 
doing the right things in raising your children?

Rating
A, B: 1 = selects 2 = not sure 3 = rejects
C:1= very often 2= often 3= occasionally, 4= never
Observed distributionM=0,00 SD=0,76
Error Estimatesalpha = .63
Remarks
Ratings transformed to z-scores

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-CO---mq-v-3-ar=-.28 p < .01


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-CO---mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A
How often do you find yourself feeling disappointed about the ways things have turned out for you?
1 often
2 sometimes
3 hardly ever

B
All in all, how much happiness would you say you find in your life today?
1 almost none
2 some
3 a good deal

C
On the whole, how satisfied would you say you are with your life today?
1 not very satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
3 very satisfied

Summation: A+B+C/3


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl