### Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to one's own childrenSubject code: C01ad01

 Study Miller et al. (1991): study US 1956 Title Motherhood, Multiple Roles, and Maternal Well-Being: Women of the 1950 s. Source Gender and Society, 1991, Vol. 5, 565 - 582 Public White married mothers with children under age 13, USA 1956 Sample Probability stratified sample Non-Response Respondents N = 356

 Correlate Author's label Maternal inadequacy Page in Source 568 Our classification Attitudes to one's own children, code C01ad01 Operationalization ```Self report on 3 questions A I find it difficult to decide what's the right way to bring up children. B I frequently feel that I don't understand my child(ren) these days. C How often do you have doubts about whether you are doing the right things in raising your children? Rating A, B: 1 = selects 2 = not sure 3 = rejects C:1= very often 2= often 3= occasionally, 4= never ``` Observed distribution M=0,00 SD=0,76 Error Estimates alpha = .63 Remarks ```Ratings transformed to z-scores ```

 Observed Relation with Happiness HappinessMeasure Statistics Elaboration/Remarks M-CO---mq-v-3-a r=-.28 p < .01

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
 Code Full Text M-CO---mq-v-3-a Selfreport on 3 questions:A How often do you find yourself feeling disappointed about the ways things have turned out for you?1 often2 sometimes3 hardly everB All in all, how much happiness would you say you find in your life today?1 almost none2 some3 a good dealC On the whole, how satisfied would you say you are with your life today?1 not very satisfied2 fairly satisfied3 very satisfiedSummation: A+B+C/3

Appendix 2: Statistics used
 Symbol Explanation r PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')Type: test statistic.Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metricRange: [-1; +1]Meaning:r = 0 « no correlation ,r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, andr = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl