Correlational finding on Happiness and Recent change
Subject code: H04aa03a

StudyHeadey & Wearing (1986): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleChains of Well-Being, Chains of Ill-Being. An Australian Panel Study, 1981-1985.
SourcePaper presented at the International Conference of Sociology, 1986, New Delhi, India
Public18-65 aged, general public, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981-985
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =942

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life-as-a-whole
Page in Source 21
Our classificationRecent change, code H04aa03a
Operationalization
Happiness was measured by asking twice in the 
interview: 

"How do you feel about your life as a whole......?"

Scored on a 1-7 DT rating scale, taking the arithmetic 
mean
Remarks
Happiness was assessed at 1981, 1983 and 1985

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.63
Happiness at T1 by Happiness at T2 (24 months)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.56
Happiness at T2 by Happiness at T3 (24 months)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.43
Happiness at T1 by Happiness at T3 (48 months)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl