Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with nation
Subject code: N01ac

StudyKeyes (1998): study US Wisconsin 1994
TitleSocial Well-Being.
SourceSocial Psychology Quarterly, 1998, Vol. 61, 121 - 140
Public18+ aged, general public, Dane County, Wisconsin USA, 1994
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =373

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Actualization
Page in Source 132
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with nation, code N01ac
Operationalization
Respondents indicated (dis)agreement with the following 
statements:
a) Society has stopped making progress (-)
b) Society is not improving for people like you (-)
c) Social institutions (e.g. government & law) do not 
make your life better (-)
d) Society is continually evolving (+)
e) Society is a productive place for people to live in 
(+)
f) There is no social progress (-)
g) The world is becoming a better place for everyone 
(+)
Items with (-) are reverse scored on scale ranging from 
1.strongly 2.moderately 3.slightly disagree 4.slightly 
5.moderately 6.Strongly agree
Observed distributionM = 32.1 SD = 5.7
Error EstimatesMetric Loading ranging from 0.54 to 1.0 Validity coefficient for the scoring ranged from 0.46 to 0.62 Alpha reliabiliy 0 .69

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-m-sq-v-4-ar=+.26 p < .01
O-SLu-h-sq-v-4-ar=+.16 p < .01


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLu-h-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Ss were asked to pretend for a moment that their life would end next week end then indicate how happy they felt about the life they been able to live. (Full question not reported)
4 very satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 a little satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
O-SLW-m-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question

'….satisfied with global life right now….'
(full question not reported)
4 very satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 a little satisfied
1 not at all satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl