### Correlational finding on Happiness and Later leisureSubject code: L03aa03

 Study Palmore (1981): study US 1968 Title Social Patterns in Normal Aging: Findings From the Duke Longitudinal Study. Source Duke University Press, 1981, Durham, USA Public 46+ aged whites, North Carolina, USA, followed from 1968 to 1976. Sample Probability stratified sample Non-Response Respondents N = 375

 Correlate Author's label later social activity hours Page in Source 106 Our classification Later leisure, code L03aa03 Operationalization ```Number of hours spent during the last typical week "attending a sports event such as baseball or foorball games; attending church or other meetings;lectures or concerts; doing vollunteer work for church, other organizations or relatives; visiting, telephoning or writing friends or relatives; parties, eating or entertainiang.". Assessed at T2. ```

 Observed Relation with Happiness HappinessMeasure Statistics Elaboration/Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-10-ca r=+.16 p < .05 ```Men. T2 Social activity hours by T1 life satisfaction. ``` C-BW-c-sq-l-10-ca r=ns ```Women. T2 Social activity hours by T1 life satisfaction. ```

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
 Code Full Text C-BW-c-sq-l-10-ca Selfreport on single question:Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder (9) represents the best possible life for you and the bottom (0) represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel personally stand at the present time?[ 9 ] best possible life for you[ 8 ][ 7 ][ 6 ][ 5 ][ 4 ][ 3 ][ 2 ][ 1 ][ 0 ] worst possible life for youName: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (adapted version)

Appendix 2: Statistics used
 Symbol Explanation r PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')Type: test statistic.Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metricRange: [-1; +1]Meaning:r = 0 « no correlation ,r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, andr = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl