Correlational finding on Happiness and Current total social participation
Subject code: S08ab

StudyRenne (1974): study US Alameda County, California 1965
TitleMeasurement of Social Health in a General Population Survey.
SourceSocial Science Research, 1974, Vol. 3, 25 - 44
Public20+ aged, general public, Alameda County, California, USA, 1965
Sample
Non-Response14%
Respondents N =6928

Correlate
Author's labelSocial health
Page in Source 42
Our classificationCurrent total social participation, code S08ab
Operationalization
Index containing:
- employability (including educational
  level, occupational level, and job
  stability)
- marital satisfaction
- sociability (including number of
  close relatives and friends, and
  frequency of contacts)
- community involvement (including 
  church attendance, political activi-
  ty, and organizational memberships)
Remarks
Level of happiness in average ridits (RT)
                 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-g-mq-v-3-dDMr=+ p < . 05
1:First quartile (low health)       RT= .38
2:Second quartile                   RT= .49
3:Third quartile                    RT= .55
4:Fourth quartile (high health)     RT= .64
   
Ridit analysis compares the distribution in a 
category with the distribution in the entire 
sample. RT above .50 means relatively high 
happiness, RT below .50 relatively low.
(Original values substracted from 1 by ns in order 
to indicate higher happiness by higher values).


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-g-mq-v-3-dSelfreport on 7 questions:

"Here is a list that describes how people feel at different times.
How often do you feel each of these ways?

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
items not reported.

Response options;
- never
- sometimes
- often

Scoring:
- Positive Affect Score (PAS): sum 3 positive item
- Negative Affect Score (NAS): sum 4 negative items
- Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (modified version)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMrDIFFERENCE IN MEAN RIDITS
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Happiness ordinal
Range: [0; +1]

Meaning:
Mr < .50: average happiness in this subgroup lower than in the larger population
Mr = .50: average happiness in this subgroup the same as in the larger population
Mr > .50: average happiness in this subgroup higher than in the larger population

'Ridit analysis' compares the distribution of happiness scores in subgroups to its distribution in the entire sample ("Relative to an Identified Distribution")

Testing for significance can be performed through a "BROSS Confidence Interval" (BCI). If all values the BCI for a subgroup are above/below 0.500, the subgroup is significantly more/less happy than the larger population.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl