Correlational finding on Happiness and Past happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago)
Subject code: H04ab01b

StudyHenley & Davis (1967): study US 1959
TitleSatisfaction and Dissatisfaction: A Study of the Chronically-Ill Aged Patient.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1967, Vol. 8, 65 - 75
Public60+ aged chronically-ill, followed three years, USA, 1959-62
Sample
Non-Response24% not available because of death, mental deterioration, unknown address or r
Respondents N =167

Correlate
Author's labelPast happiness
Our classificationPast happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago), code H04ab01b
Operationalization
Single direct question:
"In general, how satisfied are you with your way of 
life? Quite satisfied, fairly satisfied, sometimes 
dissatisfied, usually disssatisfied?"

Assessed at: 
- T1 (1959)
- T2 (1962; 3 years interval)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-aG=+.65 p < .01
O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-atb=+.33 p < .01
                 T1 happy    T1 unhappy
T2 happy          50           10
T2 unhappy        14           13

T1: 74% happy   T2: 69% happy
Change in happiness between T1 and T2: 28%
Both decrease and turnover greater in 
domainsatisfactions than in overall satisfaction


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

In general, how satisfied are you with your way of life.......?
4 quite satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 sometimes dissatisfied
1 usually dissatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 no rank correlation
G = +1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
tbKENDALL'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT TAU-B
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tb = 0 no rank correlation
tb = 1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with high happiness ratings.
tb = -1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with low happiness ratings.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl