Correlational finding on Happiness and Recent divorce/separation
Subject code: M01ab02a

StudyErbes & Hedderson (1985): study US 1968
TitleA Longitudinal Examination of the Separation/Divorce Proces.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1985, Vol. 11, 937 - 941
PublicMale heads of households, followed 4 years, USA, 1968-72
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5060

Correlate
Author's labelSeparation sequale
Page in Source 939
Our classificationRecent divorce/separation, code M01ab02a
Operationalization
Happiness assessed before, during and after separation 
or divorce

Both happiness and marital status assessed during five 
consecutive years: T1: 1968, T2: 1969, T3: 1970, T4: 
1971, T5: 1972

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-W-cy-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
Only respondents who separated/divorced between T1 
and T5 (N= 365)              

Mean happiness at different time lags from 
separation/divorce
- 2 years before        M= 2.6      Mt'= 6.5
- 2 years before        M= 2.4      Mt'= 6.0
- year of               M= 2.4      Mt'= 6.0
- 1 year after          M= 2.5      Mt'= 6.3
- 2 years after         M= 2.4      Mt'= 6.0     
Contentment rated on 0-4 point scale. (M) Means 
transformed to 0-10 point scale (Ms', difference 
DMt')

There are no clear differences between men 
experiencing separation/divorce for he first time 
and those experiencing separation/divorce more 
than once when their scores from two years before 
to two years after separation/divorc are examined


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
C-W-cy-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on open question:

Have you usually felt pretty sure your life would work out the way you want it to, or have there been times when you haven't been sure about it?

Responses scored afterwards on the following scale;
5 usually pretty sure
4 pretty sure, qualified
3 pro-con, sure sometimes, not sure of the times
2 (more) times when haven't been sure, qualified
1 (more) times when not very sure

This same question was asked every year 1968 - 1972
(American Panel Study on Income Dynamics)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl