Correlational finding on Happiness and Recent divorce/separation
Subject code: M01ab02a

StudyErbes & Hedderson (1985): study US 1968
TitleA Longitudinal Examination of the Separation/Divorce Proces.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1985, Vol. 11, 937 - 941
PublicMale heads of households, followed 4 years, USA, 1968-72
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5060

Correlate
Author's labelMarried
Page in Source 939
Our classificationRecent divorce/separation, code M01ab02a
Operationalization
0 stably separated/divorced between T1 
  and T5 (N =40)
1 stably married between T1 and T5
  (N= 2550)

0 experienced separation or divorce
  between T1 and T5 (N= 150)
1 stably married between T1 and T5
  (N= 2550)
Remarks
    Stably           Stably
    married          separated/divorced

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-W-cy-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
T1: 6.5              2.5
C-W-cy-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
T2: 7.5              4.8
C-W-cy-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
T3: 7.3              4.0
C-W-cy-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
T4: 7.0              4.5
C-W-cy-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
T5: 7.0             3.3

    Stably         Divorced separated at
    married        T1   T2   T3   T4   T5
C-W-cy-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
T1: 6.5            4.5* 5.3  6.5  3.8  2.8
C-W-cy-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
T2: 7.5            3.8  6.3* 4.5  6.5  6.5
C-W-cy-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
T3: 7.3            1.8  3.3  8.5* 4.0  7.0
C-W-cy-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
T4: 7.0            4.5  4.5  8.0  4.3* 5.8
C-W-cy-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
T5: 7.0            5.0  4.0  5.8  3.0  3.8*

* = year of divorce

Contentment rated on 0-4 point scale. Means 
transformed to 0-10 point scale (Ms', difference 
DMt')

There are no clear differences between men married 
for the first time or in a subsequent marriage.


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
C-W-cy-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on open question:

Have you usually felt pretty sure your life would work out the way you want it to, or have there been times when you haven't been sure about it?

Responses scored afterwards on the following scale;
5 usually pretty sure
4 pretty sure, qualified
3 pro-con, sure sometimes, not sure of the times
2 (more) times when haven't been sure, qualified
1 (more) times when not very sure

This same question was asked every year 1968 - 1972
(American Panel Study on Income Dynamics)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl