Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with social participation
Subject code: S08ac02

StudySchulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984
TitleLebensqualität in Österreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut für Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1776

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with social involvement
Page in Source 27,49
Our classificationSatisfaction with social participation, code S08ac02
Operationalization
Seven item index of direct questions on satisfaction 
with social involvement during the last 14 days. The 
summed scores were afterwards divided into 3 strata, 
i.e. low, medium and high

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-ar=+.34 p < .05
All
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-ar=+.34 p < .05
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aBeta=+.13 p < .05
ß controlled for: satisfaction with physical 
health, material satisfaction, satisfaction with 
partner, satisfaction with self realisation, 
satisfaction with work (positive), satisfaction 
with work (negative), and satisfaction with 
leisure time.
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.08 p < .05
            
    
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=*
- with partner, with work
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=*
- with partner, without work
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=-.26
- no partner, with work
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=*
- no partner, without work
         
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=*
- Age < 25
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.14
- Age 26-40
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.16
- Age 41-59
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta= ns
- Age > 60
 
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=*
- < 6.000 income in Austrian Shill/month
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=*
- 6.000-10.000
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.13
- 10.000-16.000
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=*
- > 16.000
            
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.19
- monotonous work
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=*
- some selfcontrol
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.22
- much selfcontrol

All ß's controlled for satisfaction in six other 
domains of life (physical health, partner, income, 
selfrealization, work, leisure).
*=N too small
          


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aSelfreport on 4 questions:

A For the past five years, how much have you accomplished of what you planned in your life?
1 completely failed
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely accomplished
B How much are you satisfied with your life as a whole these days?
1 completely dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied
C How much do you enjoy your life these days?
3 a great deal
2 a fair amount
1 not very much
D How happy have you been for the past five years?
1 completely unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely happy

Summation: % positive answers

Response options A, D and C not reported in full detail
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are....?
5 very happy
4 fairly happy
3 rather happy than unhappy
2 rather unhappy than happy
1 very unhappy
- DK/NA

B When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are.....?
5 very satisfied
4 fairly satisfied
3 rather satisfied than dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied than satisfied
1 fairly dissatisfied
- DK/NA

C How do you feel right now? Is your well-being.....?
5 very high
4 high
3 moderate
2 rather low
1 very low
- DK/NA

Summation: The summed scores were divided in three strata: low, medium and high quality of life


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl