Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with health
Subject code: H14af04

StudySchulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984
TitleLebensqualität in Österreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut für Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1776

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with physical health
Page in Source 27,49,T52
Our classificationSatisfaction with health, code H14af04
Operationalization
Four item index of direct questions on satisfaction 
with physical health during the last 14 days. The 
summed scores were divided into 3 strata, i.e. low, 
medium, and high. 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-ar=+.42 p < .05
All
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-ar=+.34 p < .05
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aBeta=+.15 p < .05
ß controlled for: material satisfaction, 
satisfaction with partner, satisfaction with 
selfrealisation, satisfaction with social 
involvement, satisfaction with work (positive), 
satisfaction with work (negative), and 
satisfaction with leisure time
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.26 p < .05
                                                 
                                                  
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.19
- with partner, with work
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.33
- with partner, without work
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=*
- no partner, with work
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.31
- no partner, without work            
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=*
- Age < 25
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.19
- Age 26-40
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.24
- Age 41-59
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta= ns
- Age 60>
          
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.33
- <6.000 income
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.24
- 6.000-10.000
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.28
- 10.000-16.000
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.32
- > 16.000
            
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.22
- Monotonous work
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.19
- some selfcontrol in work
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.31
- much selfcontrol in work
           
ß's controlled for: satisfaction with other 
domains of life: income, partner, selfrealisation, 
social involvement, work, leisure. * Means: N too 
small.
                               
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.33
Retired 60+ aged's only (N= 304)
ß controlled for: psychosomatic symptoms, material 
satisfaction, and satisfaction with partner.
         
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.25
Housewives (married, no job, aged <60) only.
ß controlled for: professional status of the 
husband, communication with relatives, material 
satisfaction, and satisfaction with partner.
       
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.35
Pensioners, living alone only.
ß controlled for material satisfaction.


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aSelfreport on 4 questions:

A For the past five years, how much have you accomplished of what you planned in your life?
1 completely failed
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely accomplished
B How much are you satisfied with your life as a whole these days?
1 completely dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied
C How much do you enjoy your life these days?
3 a great deal
2 a fair amount
1 not very much
D How happy have you been for the past five years?
1 completely unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely happy

Summation: % positive answers

Response options A, D and C not reported in full detail
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are....?
5 very happy
4 fairly happy
3 rather happy than unhappy
2 rather unhappy than happy
1 very unhappy
- DK/NA

B When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are.....?
5 very satisfied
4 fairly satisfied
3 rather satisfied than dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied than satisfied
1 fairly dissatisfied
- DK/NA

C How do you feel right now? Is your well-being.....?
5 very high
4 high
3 moderate
2 rather low
1 very low
- DK/NA

Summation: The summed scores were divided in three strata: low, medium and high quality of life


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl