Correlational finding on Happiness and Level of school-education
Subject code: E01ab02

StudyClement (1980): study FR 1975
TitleDe la Variation de Quelques Traits de Personalité en Fonction, notamment, de l'Age, du Sexe et du Niveau Intellectuel. (The Variation of Certain Personality Traits in Relation to Age, Sex, and Intelligent Level).
SourcePsychologie Francaise, 1980, Vol. 25, 95 - 113
Public29-88 aged women, upper middle class, France, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1145

Correlate
Author's labelCultural level
Page in Source 101
Our classificationLevel of school-education, code E01ab02
Operationalization
0: no or a little bit education
1: education nearly normal, no 
   certificate        
2: certificate primary education
3: secondary education
4: final examination grammar-school or
   secondary school
5: littlego (comparable to    baccalaureat) and more
   

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-ol-9-ar=+.09 ns
O-SP-u-sq-ol-9-ar=+.08 ns
M-FH-u-sq-ol-9-ar=+.10 ns


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-FH-u-sq-ol-9-aSelfreport on single question:

Place a cross on the line on the place you estimate to be what corresponds best with your state.
1 | I don't feel very well in my skin
2 |
3 |
4 |
5 | I don't feel too well in my skin
6 |
7 |
8 |
9 | I feel very well in my skin

Scoring: rated on open horizontal line scale divided afterwards in 9 sections.
O-HL-u-sq-ol-9-aSelfreport on single question:

Place a cross, on each line, on the place you estimate to be that which corresponds best with your state
1 I am not very happy
2 |
3 |
4 |
5 | I am not too happy
6 |
7 |
8 |
9 I am quite happy

Scoring: rated on an open horizontal line scale, divided afterwards in 9 sections.
O-SP-u-sq-ol-9-aSelfreport on single question:

Place a cross on the line below, on the spot you estimate that corresponds best with your state.
1 | I am not very satisfied
2 |
3 |
4 |
5 | I am not too satisfied
6 |
7 |
8 |
9 I am very satisfied

Scoring: rated on an open horizontal line scale divided afterwards in 9 sections.


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl