Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived characteristics of singles
Subject code: M02ah02b

StudyWoldringh & Knapen (1980): study NL 1978
TitleVrij en Alleen. (Free and Alone).
SourceInstitute of Applied Sociology, University of Nijmegen, 1980, Netherlands
PublicUnmarried adults, big cities, the Netherlands, 1978
Sample
Non-Response62% of which 28% refusals
Respondents N =160

Correlate
Author's labelPreference of being alone
Page in Source 113
Our classificationPerceived characteristics of singles, code M02ah02b
Operationalization
Factor derived from six items such as:
"It is a change to have the probability of being alone 
after work".

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cy-sq-v-5-ar=-.10
M-FH-cy-sq-v-5-ar=-.10


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-FH-cy-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"How do you feel in general, during the last year, happy or not so happy......?"
5 very happy
4 fairly happy
3 not happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 unhappy
Don't know


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl