Correlational finding on Happiness and A-AOL by A-AB
Subject code: H07ab02b

StudyMatlin (1966): study PR 1963
TitleThe Demography of Happiness.
SourceUniversity of Puerto Rico, Health & Welfare Series 2, nr. 3, 1966, Puerto Rico
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/matlin_n_1966.pdf
Public20+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, 1963-1964
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1417

Correlate
Author's labelBeing in good spirits
Page in Source 13
Our classificationA-AOL by A-AB, code H07ab02b
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 
Are you most of the time in ....?
4 very good spirits    
3 good spirits
2 low spirits           
1 very low spirits
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AOL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-cG=+.56 p < . 01
Index of Positive Affects: G' = +.09 (ns)
Index of Negative Affects: G' = -.59 (01)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-cSelfreport on 9 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): AC+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +4

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (adjusted version 'exited/interested' item dropped)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 no rank correlation
G = +1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl