Correlational finding on Happiness and Level of school-education
Subject code: E01ab02

StudyMatlin (1966): study PR 1963
TitleThe Demography of Happiness.
SourceUniversity of Puerto Rico, Health & Welfare Series 2, nr. 3, 1966, Puerto Rico
Public20+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, 1963-1964
Respondents N =1417

Author's labelEducational level
Page in Source 19
Our classificationLevel of school-education, code E01ab02
3rd grade or less / 4th - 7th grade / 8th - 11th grade 
/ H.S. graduate / part college / college graduate

Observed Relation with Happiness
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.19 p < . 01
Unaffected by income
Unaffected by age
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-cG=+.16 p < . 01

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-cSelfreport on 9 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): AC+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +4

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (adjusted version 'exited/interested' item dropped)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are...?
3 very happy
2 fairly happy
1 not too happy

Appendix 2: Statistics used
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

G = 0 no rank correlation
G = +1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.