Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling lonely (vs not)
Subject code: M15ac05a

StudyMatlin (1966): study PR 1963
TitleThe Demography of Happiness.
SourceUniversity of Puerto Rico, Health & Welfare Series 2, nr. 3, 1966, Puerto Rico
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/matlin_n_1966.pdf
Public20+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, 1963-1964
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1417

Correlate
Author's labelLonely or remote
Page in Source 8
Our classificationFeeling lonely (vs not), code M15ac05a
Operationalization
Question: "During the past week, did you ever feel very 
lonely or remote from other people?" no vs yes (Item in 
Affect Balance Scale: AFF 2.3)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abQ=-.70


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are...?
3 very happy
2 fairly happy
1 not too happy


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
QYule's Q-STATISTIC
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: dichotomous
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
Q = 0 no association
Q = -1 or + 1 at least one level of the correlate allows a perfect prediction of the happiness.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl