Correlational finding on Happiness and 'Objective' socio-economic status
Subject code: S09ab01

StudyLeepin (1978): study ZZ 1974 /2
TitleLe Monde Entier Interviewé. (The Entire World Interviewed).
SourceLa Baloise, Groupe des Assurances, 1978, Bâle, Switzerland
Public15+ aged, general public, 25 countries, 1974-1976
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5133

Correlate
Author's labelSocial class
Page in Source 29
Our classification'Objective' socio-economic status, code S09ab01
Operationalization
0  lower class
1  middle class
2  upper class

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-bG=+ p < .01
Asia             G=  +.50 (01)    
West Europe      G=  +.32 (01)
USA              G=  +.44 (01)
Switzerland      G=  +.38 (01)

O-HL-g-sq-v-3-btc=+ p < .01
Asia             _c= +.35 (01)
West Europe      _c= +.14 (01)
USA              _c= +.13 (01)
Switzerland      _c= +.09 (01)
G's and _c's based on equal numbers of respondents 
per social class category.

Samples in all countries of Western-Europe. 
Asia; samples in the following countries: India, 
Japan, Indonesia, Phillipines, Thailand, South 
Korea, Taiwan, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Signapore.



Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-bSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are.....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not very happy


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
tcKENDALL'S TAU-C (Also referred to as Stuart's tau-c)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tc = 0 « no rank correlation
tc = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with high happiness ratings.
tc = -1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with low happiness ratings.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl