Correlational finding on Happiness and Mixed multiple life-appraisals
Subject code: L04af

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Respondents N =1433

Author's labelFeelings about life as a whole
Page in Source 146
Our classificationMixed multiple life-appraisals, code L04af
Satisfaction with:
a Fun and enjoyment
b Physical needs met
c Yourself
d How fairly treated
e Develop, broaden self
f  Interesting daily life
g Adjust to changes
h  Financial security.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Males                   R=58%
Females                 R=61%

16-29 years old         R=50%
16-29 household 
      head/spouse       -           
30-44 years old         R=58%
45-59 years old         -      
45-64 years old         R=66%
60-97 years old         R=64%

Low SES                 R=62%
Mid SES                 R=56%
High SES                R=59%

Employed men            -      

Low income              R=61%
Medium income           R=52%
High income             R=56%

Married                 R=53%
Nonmarried              R=64%

0-11 grades of school   R=58%
High school graduate    R=61%
Some college education  R=58%
College degree          R=62%

Married & employed      -     

Blacks                  R=55%

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'

Appendix 2: Statistics used
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

R = 0 no influence of any correlate in this study has been established.
R = 1 the correlates determine the happiness completely.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.