Correlational finding on Happiness and Family career (family life-cycle)
Subject code: F02aa

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelFamily life cycle
Page in Source 323
Our classificationFamily career (family life-cycle), code F02aa
Operationalization
a  Unmarried, under forty-five years of age, no 
children at home
b Married, under forty-five years of age, no children 
at home
c  Married, any age, youngest child under five years of 
age
d  Married, any age, youngest child five-fourteen years 
old
e  Married, any age, youngest child fifteen-seventeen 
years old
f   Married, forty-five years of age or older, no 
children at home
g  Unmarried, forty-five years of age or older, no 
children at home
h  Unmarried, any age, children of any age

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-aDMt=
a      M=5.3   Mt'=5.4

b      M=5.8   Mt'=6.0
c      M=5.7   Mt'=5.9
d      M=5.7   Mt'=5.9
e      M=5.7   Mt'=5.9
f      M=5.7   Mt'=5.9

g      M=5.2   Mt'=5.2
h      M=4.6   Mt'=4.5
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-aDMt=
a      M=5.8   Mt'=6.0
                    
b      M=6.2   Mt'=6.5
c      M=6.0   Mt'=6.3
d      M=6.2   Mt'=6.5
e      M=6.4   Mt'=6.8
f      M=6.4   Mt'=6.8

g      M=5.8   Mt'=6.0
h      M=5.3   Mt'=5.4


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to have. At the top is the best life you might expect to have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere in between. Where was your life most of the time during the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst life you might expect to have


Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here are some circles that we can imagine represent the lives of different people. Circle eight has all pluses in it, to represent a person who has all the good things in his life. Circle zero has all minuses in it, to represent a person who has all the bad things in his life. Other circles are in between. Which circle do you think comes closest to matching your life?"
(circles not reproduced here )
8 + + + + + + + +
7 + + + + + + + -
6 + + + + + + - -
5 + + + + + - - -
4 + + + + - - - -
3 + + + - - - - -
2 + + - - - - - -
2 + - - - - - - -
0 - - - - - - - -

Name: Andrews & Withey's 'Circles Scale'


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl