Correlational finding on Happiness and Not in labour force
Subject code: E02ab04

StudyNiimi (2018): study JP 2013
TitleWhat Affects Happiness Inequality? Evidence from Japan.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2018, Vol. 19, 521 - 543
URLhttps://doi .org/l 0.1007 /s10902-016-9835-9
Public20-69 aged, general public, Japan, 2013
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3257

Correlate
Author's labelEmployment status
Page in Source 534-535,541
Our classificationNot in labour force, code E02ab04
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
A Unemployed
B Not in labour force
C Irregular job
D Likely unemployed (currently employed but with a high 
risk of being unemployed next 2 years)

Dummy for each variant:
1 Yes
0 No
Remarks
Question not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
D-LS-c-sq-n--ab-rif=+2.2 p < .01
A

b-rif=+2.19

b-rif controlled for:
- age
- gender
- marital status
- has child(ren)
- education
- household size
- poor health
- household income
- homeownership
- has loans
- not in labor force
- altruistic
- risk lover
- low time preference
- major city
D-LS-c-sq-n--ab-rif=+2.8 p < .01
A

b-rif=+2.84

b-rif additionally controlled for:
- irregular job
- likely unemployed future
- public pensions
D-LS-c-sq-n--ab-rif=+2.7 p < .01
A

b-rif=+2.67

b-rif additionally controlled for:
- relatively poor
- relatively rich
D-LS-c-sq-n--ab-rif=+.08 ns
B

b-rif controlled for:
- age
- gender
- marital status
- has child(ren)
- education
- household size
- poor health
- household income
- homeownership
- unemployed
- has loans
- altruistic
- risk lover
- low time preference
D-LS-c-sq-n--ab-rif=+.79 p < .01
B

b-rif additionally controlled for:
- irregular job
- likely unemployed future
- public pensions
D-LS-c-sq-n--ab-rif=+.77 p < .01
B

b-rif additionally controlled for:
- relatively poor
- relatively rich
D-LS-c-sq-n--ab-rif=+.65 p < .01
C

b-rif controlled for:
- age
- gender
- marital status
- has child(ren)
- education
- household size
- poor health
- household income
- homeownership
- has loans
- unemployed
- not in labor force
- likely unemployed future
- altruistic
- risk lover
- low time preference
D-LS-c-sq-n--ab-rif=+.62 p < .01
C

b-rif additionally controlled for:
- relatively poor
- relatively rich
D-LS-c-sq-n--ab-rif=+1.3 p < .01
D

b-rif=+1.35

b-rif controlled for:
- age
- gender
- marital status
- has child(ren)
- education
- household size
- poor health
- household income
- homeownership
- has loans
- unemployed
- not in labor force
- irregular job
- altruistic
- risk lover
- low time preference
D-LS-c-sq-n--ab-rif=+1.2 p < .01
D

b-rif=+1.21

b-rif additionally controlled for:
- relatively poor
- relatively rich


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
D-LS-c-sq-n--aStandard deviation of 0-10 score on single question "overall, how happy would you say you are currently?"


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
b-rifLeast square regression coefficient in RIF-regression, where the dependent variable is th influence on a distributionakl statistic (f.e. variance, GINI)
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl