Correlational finding on Happiness and Burden of earlier life-events
Subject code: L06aa01a

StudyLowenthal & Chiriboga (1973): study US 1969
TitleSocial Stress and Adaptation. Toward a Life-Course Perspective.
SourceEisdorfer, C.; Lawton, M.P; Eds.: "Psychology of Adult Development and Aging", American Psychological Association, Washington DC, USA, 281 - 310
DOIDOI: 10.1037/10044-011
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis, USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelCumulative stress
Page in Source 298
Our classificationBurden of earlier life-events, code L06aa01a
Operationalization
Number of challenging life-events from birth to few 
years prior to the interview.
 
Assessed by inspection of life-graphs and focused 
questions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbr= ns
positive events
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbr= ns
negative events  
(positively correlated with happiness among 
middle-aged, negatively among pre-retirees)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbr= ns
combined score


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy are you these days .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl