Correlational finding on Happiness and Variability of affects
Subject code: A03ab05

StudyJohnson (1940): study US 1940
TitleThe Social Meaning of Mood.
SourceThe Journal of Social Psychology, 1940, Vol. 12, 163 - 169
PublicFemale university students, members of a sorority, USA, 1940
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =30

Correlate
Author's labelMoodiness
Page in Source 164
Our classificationVariability of affects, code A03ab05
Operationalization
Peerrating by sorority members for 'changeableness of 
mood'.
Rating by ranking in a randomly assigned group of 15 
Ss.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-0-aDM=+
Most moody: mean rank =7.1
Least moody:mean rank =9.9
Most cheerfull rank  1, least 15

A-CP-g-rdp-ro-0-ars=+.27 s
Group 1 (Randomly assigned)
 
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-0-ars=+.03 ns
Group 2 (Randomly assigned)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-0-aPeer rating on single question:

Ranking by 30 sorority members. The 30 members were divided in two groups of 15 and each member was asked to rank the two groups on basis of "cheerfulness and gaiety" (full item not reported).


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 no rank correlation
rs = 1 perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl