Correlational finding on Happiness and Online friends
Subject code: F06ad04

StudyRae & Lonborg (2015): study US Washington 2014
TitleDo Motivations for Using Facebook Moderate the Association between Facebook Use and Psychologica Wwell-Being?
SourceFrontiers in Psychology, 2015, online, 1 - 9
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00771
Public18+ aged undergraduate students, Facebook users, Seattle, USA, 2014
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =119

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of Facebook friends
Page in Source 3,5,6
Our classificationOnline friends, code F06ad04
Operationalization
Number of Facebook friends:
9 >400
.
.
1 <10
Observed distributionM=7.12; SD=2.02
Remarks
Reasons given for using Facebook:
a To keep in touch with old friends
b To keep in touch with current friends
c To locate old friends
Rating:
7 Definitely applies to me.
.
.
1 Does not apply at all to me

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-V-cm-sq-v-6-aBeta=- ns
All
O-V-cm-sq-v-6-aBeta=+.36 p < .05
Only for those who indicate that they use Facebook 
as a purpose to maintain their existing and old 
friendships.
O-V-cm-sq-v-6-aBeta=-.13 ns
Facebook not used for maintaining friendships. 

Beta's controlled for:
- sharing internet information
- connection (new friends, dating)
- time use Facebook
- time use internet
- year in school
- gender
- course credits taken
Set Image size:   



Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-V-cm-sq-v-6-aSingle question

How happy, satisfied, or pleased have you been with your personal life during the past month?

1. Extremely happy, could not have been
more satisfied or pleased
2. Very happy most of the time
3. Generally satisfied, pleased
4. Sometimes fairly satisfied, sometimes fairly dissatisfied
5. Generally dissatisfied, unhappy
6. Very dissatisfied, unhappy most of the time

Reverse scores for happiness calcilation

Item in Mental Health Inventory 38 (RAND-MOS, 1983)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl