Correlational finding on Happiness and Gratitude training
Subject code: H16ad02ga

StudyKerr et al. (2015): study AU Queensland 2012
TitleCan Gratitude and Kindness Interventions Enhance Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2015 Vol. 16, 17- 36
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s10902-013-9492-1
PublicPsycho-therapy clients on waiting list, Australia, 2012
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =48

Correlate
Author's labelGratitude and kindness interventions
Page in Source 22,26
Our classificationGratitude training, code H16ad02ga
Operationalization
Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 
conditions:
1 Treament:
A: Gratitude intervention: Participants were asked a) 
list things that they were  grateful for b)  to list 
the kind acts they had committed and c) to rate the 
intentisy of gratitude  a scale from 1 (somewhat) to 7 
(extremely) each day of the 14-day intervention. 
B: Kindness intervention: Like a for kindness
C: Mood-monitoring control group .

1 Treated (A, B)
0 Control groep
Observed distributionN = A: 16, B: 16, C: 15

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-md-mqr-v-5-aDM=+ ns
In all groups participants were asked to make 
daily ratings of their mood and overall 
satisfaction with life in a diary. 14 days 
averages are: 
              Treated   Controls   Difference
Gratitude     0.75      0,12       +0,63 (ns)
Kindness      0.60      0,12       +0.48 (ns)
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-f
              Treated   Controls   Difference
Gratitude     4.85      4,11       +0,84 (05)
Kindness      4.91      4,11       +0.80 (06)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-AB-md-mqr-v-5-aSelfreport on 30 questions repeated 14 days

To what extent did you feel today,,
A interested
B distressed
C excited
D alert
E iritable
F sad
G stressed
H ashamed
I happy
J grateful
K tired
L upset
O strong
P nervous
Q guilty
R joyful
S determined
T thankful
U calm
V attentive
X forgiving
Y hostile
Z energetic
Aa hopeful
Ab enthusiastictic
Ac active
Ad afraid
Ae,proud
Af appreciative
Ag angry

Rated
1 not at all
2
3
4
5 very much

Computation: (A+C+D+I+G+J+O+R+S+T+U+V+X+Z+Aa+Ab+Ac+AF)/17 - (B+E+F+G+H_+K+L+P+Q+Y+Ad+AG)/13
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-fHow do you feel about your life as a whole today?

-3 Terrible
-2
-1
0
1
2
3 Delighted


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl