Correlational finding on Happiness and Religious (vs not)
Subject code: R10ab01

StudyAbdel-Khalek (2010a): study KW 2004
TitleReligiosity, Subjective Well-Being, and Neuroticism.
SourceMental Health, Religion and Culture, 2010, Vol. 13, 67 - 79.
URLhttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13674670903154167?scroll=top&needAccess=true
DOIdoi: 10.1080/13674670903!54167
PublicStudents, Kuwait, 2004
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =487

Correlate
Author's labelReligious belief
Page in Source 73-74
Our classificationReligious (vs not), code R10ab01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 'What is the strenghts 
of your religious belief when compared to othgers?:
0 minimum
;10 maximum
Observed distributionMales: M = 6,43 SD 2,54; Females: M = 6,75, SD 2,16
Error Estimates1 week test-retest reliability: r = +.81

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-ar=+.34 p < .0001
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ir=+.32 p < .00001


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking, how (much) do you feel happy? What score do you give if we put ten for 'extremely happy, zero for extremely unhappy' and five for neither happy nor unhappy'?"
10 extremely happy
9
8
7
6
5 neither happy nor unhappy
4
3
2
1
0 extremely unhappy
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-iSelfreport on single question:

To what degree do you feel satisfied with your life in general?
10 maximum
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 minimum


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl