Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + environmental factors
Subject code: S15ab02

StudyFernandez & Kulik (1981): study US 1973
TitleA Multilevel Model of Life Satisfaction: Effects of Individual Characteristics and Neighborhood Composition.
SourceAmerican Sociological Review, 1981, Vol. 46, 840 - 850
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973-1974
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =5916

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 847
Our classificationSocio-demographic + environmental factors, code S15ab02
Operationalization
A Personal characteristics
 a Sex
 b Age
 c Education
 d Race 
 e Health
 f Material status
 g Family income 
                                                        
                
B Neighborhood characteristics 
  a age 
  b composition,
  c racial composition,
  d income-inequality,
  e relative income,
  f percent whites,
  g rural or urban character

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-cRČ=.08 p < .05
A
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-cRČ=.18 p < .05
Disattenuated.
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-cRČ=.09 p < .05
A+B
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-cRČ=.21 p < .05
Disattenuated


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied would you say you are with your life as a whole ....?'
4 completely satisfied
3 very satisfied
2 moderately satisfied
1 slightly satisfied
0 not satisfied at all


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
COEFFICIENT of DETERMINATION
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
RČ = 0 « no influence of any correlate in this study has been established.
RČ = 1 « the correlates determine the happiness completely.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl