Correlational finding on Happiness and Active involvement in sports
Subject code: S12ab01a

StudyFeller et al. (2013): study DE 1994
TitleLife Satisfaction and Risk of Chronic Diseases in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition {EPIC)-Germany.
SourcePLoS ONE 8(8): e73462
URLhttp://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0073462
DOIdoi:10.1371/joumal.pone.0073462
Public35-65 aged, general population, Germany, followed 4 years1994-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =48976

Correlate
Author's labelPhysical activity
Page in Source 4
Our classificationActive involvement in sports, code S12ab01a
Operationalization
Physical activity
a inactive
b moderately inactive
c moderately active
d active

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-bD%=+
T1 happiness by T1 activity

                   Inactive   
Very satisfied       14       
Rather satisfied     17
Unsatisfied          25
                  Moderately inactive   
Very satisfied       36       
Rather satisfied     37
Unsatisfied          36
                 Moderately active   
Very satisfied       27       
Rather satisfied     26
Unsatisfied          23
                   Active   
Very satisfied       23       
Rather satisfied     20
Unsatisfied          16
O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.11 p < .001


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-g-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

Please tell me how satisfied you are with your life overall. Would you say that you are..
4 very satisfied
3 mostly satisfied
2 mostly dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
- don't know


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 no rank correlation
G = +1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl