Subject code: L12ab01

Study | Fernandez & Kulik (1981): study US 1973 |

Title | A Multilevel Model of Life Satisfaction: Effects of Individual Characteristics and Neighborhood Composition. |

Source | American Sociological Review, 1981, Vol. 46, 840 - 850 |

Public | 18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973-1974 |

Sample | |

Non-Response | ? |

Respondents N = | 5916 |

Correlate | |

Author's label | Inequality ratio |

Page in Source | 845-847 |

Our classification | Local income difference, code L12ab01 |

Operationalization | Ratio of the geometric mean to the arithmetic mean of the income distribu- tion in the neighbourhood. (Atkinson's measure; Atkinson 1975) |

Observed Relation with Happiness | ||

Happiness Measure | Statistics | Elaboration/Remarks |

O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-c | r=-.00 | Disattenuated r = -.01 |

O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-c | Beta=-.02 ns | ß controlled for family size, sex, age, education, race, health, marital status, family income, and neighbourhood characteristics (relative income, relative age, cost of living, racial composition) Disattenuated ß = -.03 |

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

Code | Full Text |

O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-c | Selfreport on single question: 'How satisfied would you say you are with your life as a whole ....?' 4 completely satisfied 3 very satisfied 2 moderately satisfied 1 slightly satisfied 0 not satisfied at all |

Appendix 2: Statistics used

Symbol | Explanation |

Beta | STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS) Type: test statistic. Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric. Range: [-1 ; +1] Meaning: beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average. beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average. beta = 0 « no correlation. beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation. |

r | PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient') Type: test statistic. Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric Range: [-1; +1] Meaning: r = 0 « no correlation , r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values. |

Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.

https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl