Correlational finding on Happiness and Current household-composition
Subject code: H20ab

StudyFowler & McCalla (1969): study US 1965
TitleCorrelates of Morale among Aged in Greater Boston.
SourceProceedings of the 77th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Vol. 4, 1969, 733 -734
Public65+ aged, Metropolitan Boston, USA, 1965
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1335

Correlate
Author's labelLiving arrangement
Page in Source 733
Our classificationCurrent household-composition, code H20ab
Operationalization
Alone / with a spouse / with a child / some other 
arrangement.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-aChiČ= ns
When controlled for health and income no 
relationships among those in poorer health or with 
lower incomes. Among those with better health and 
with incomes over $ 4,000.- per year Ss living 
alone reported the highest morale and those who 
are unmarried and living with a child reported the 
lowest morale.

Chi-square test inappropriate for ordinal 
variables


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

"In general, how good would you say your spirits are these days....?"
4 excellent
3 very good
2 fair
1 poor


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
ChiČCHI-SQUARE
Type: test statistic
Range: [0; Ne*(min(c,r)-1)], where c and r are the number of columns and rows respectively in a cross tabulation of Ne sample elements.

Meaning:
ChiČ <= (c-1) * (r-1) means: no or minor association
ChiČ >> (c-1) * (r-1) means: strong association
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl