Correlational finding on Happiness and Trend average happiness in cities/regions
Subject code: E03ab01aa

StudyBonikowska et al. (2013): study CA 2009 /2
TitleAn Assessment of Life Satisfaction Responses on Recent Statistics Canada Surveys.
SourceAnalytical Studies Research Papers Series, 2013, No. 351, Ontario, Canada
URLhttp://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/11f0019m/2013351/part-partie1-eng.htm
Public15+aged, general public, Canada, 2009-2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =63000

Correlate
Author's labelGeographic region
Page in Source 24-26
Our classificationTrend average happiness in cities/regions, code E03ab01aa
Operationalization
1 Ontario (reference)
2 Atlantic region
3 Quebec
4 Prairie provinces
5 British Columbia

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebb=+ p < .01
Atlantic region  (vs. Ontario)

       b      p<
2009  +.20    .001
2010  +.12    .01
2011  +.20    .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebb=+ p < .001
Quebec  (vs. Ontario)

       b      p<
2009  +.20    .001
2010  +.16    .001
2011  +.15    .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebb=- ns
Prairie provinces  (vs. Ontario)

       b      p<
2009  -.06    ns
2010  -.04    ns
2011  -.03    ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebb=+/- ns
British Columbia  (vs. Ontario)

       b      p<
2009  +.02    ns
2010  -.04    ns
2011  +.06    ns

b's controlled for:
- sex
- age
- marital status
- number of children
- education
- immigrant
- employment status
- household income
- household size
- homeownership
- selfreported health
- urban/rural area


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
0 very dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl