Correlational finding on Happiness and Trend happiness in age groups
Subject code: E03ab01ba

StudyBonikowska et al. (2013): study CA 2009 /2
TitleAn Assessment of Life Satisfaction Responses on Recent Statistics Canada Surveys.
SourceAnalytical Studies Research Papers Series, 2013, No. 351, Ontario, Canada
URLhttp://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/11f0019m/2013351/part-partie1-eng.htm
Public15+aged, general public, Canada, 2009-2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =63000

Correlate
Author's labelAge
Page in Source 24-26
Our classificationTrend happiness in age groups, code E03ab01ba
Operationalization
1 15-19
2 20-29
3 30-39
4 40-49 (reference)
5 50-59
6 60-69
7 >=70

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebb=+ p < .001
Age 15-19 (vs. 40-49)

       b      p<
2009  +.50   .001
2010  +.50   .001
2011  +.42   .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebb=+ p < .001
Age 20-29 (vs. 40-49)
       b      p<
2009  +.29   .001
2010  +.31   .001
2011  +.24   .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebb=+
Age 30-39 (vs. 40-49)
       b      p<
2009  +.07    ns
2010  +.15   .001
2011  +.12   .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebb=+
Age 50-59 (vs. 40-49)
       b      p<
2009  +.06    ns
2010  +.08    ns
2011  +.05    ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebb=+ p < .001
Age 60-69 (vs. 40-49)
       b      p<
2009  +.36   .001
2010  +.33   .001
2011  +.30   .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebb=+ p < .001
Age >=70 (vs. 40-49)
       b      p<
2009  +.55   .001
2010  +.50   .001
2011  +.56   .001

b's controlled for:
- sex
- marital status
- number of children
- education
- immigrant
- employment status
- household income
- household size
- homeownership
- selfreported health
- urban area/rural
- geographical region


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
0 very dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl