Correlational finding on Happiness and Household income
Subject code: I01ab03

StudyBonikowska et al. (2013): study CA 2009 /2
TitleAn Assessment of Life Satisfaction Responses on Recent Statistics Canada Surveys.
SourceAnalytical Studies Research Papers Series, 2013, No. 351, Ontario, Canada
URLhttp://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/11f0019m/2013351/part-partie1-eng.htm
Public15+aged, general public, Canada, 2009-2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =63000

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold income
Page in Source 24-26
Our classificationHousehold income , code I01ab03
Operationalization
Annual household income:
0 $0-29.999
1 $30.000-59.999
2 $60.000-99.999 (reference)
3 >= $100.000
4 Not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebb=-
$0-29.999     (vs. $60.000-99.999)

        b     p<
2009  -.25   .01
2010  -.28   .01
2011  -.25   .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebb=-
$30.000-59.999 (vs. 60.000-99.999)

       b      p<
2009  -.05    ns
2010  -.14   .001
2011  -.13   .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebb=+
>$100.000      (vs. 60.000-99.999)

       b      p<
2009  +.14   .001
2010  +.09   .01
2011  +.09   .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebb=+/-
Not reported   (vs. 60.000-99.999)

       b      p<
2009  +.05    ns
2010  -.06    ns

b's controlled for:
- sex
- age
- number of children
- marital status
- immigrant
- employment status
- education
- household size
- homeownership
- selfreported health
- urban area/rural
- geographical region


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
0 very dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl