Correlational finding on Happiness and Level of school-education
Subject code: E01ab02

StudyBonikowska et al. (2013): study CA 2009 /2
TitleAn Assessment of Life Satisfaction Responses on Recent Statistics Canada Surveys.
SourceAnalytical Studies Research Papers Series, 2013, No. 351, Ontario, Canada
URLhttp://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/11f0019m/2013351/part-partie1-eng.htm
Public15+aged, general public, Canada, 2009-2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =63000

Correlate
Author's labelEducation (reference: university degree)
Page in Source 24-26
Our classificationLevel of school-education, code E01ab02
Operationalization
5 University degree (reference)
4 Certificate/diploma
3 Some post-secondary
2 High school
1 Less than high school
Remarks
Order reversed by WDH-team and hence sign of correlates

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebb=+/-
Certificate

       b      p<
2009  -.03    ns
2010  -.03    ns
2011  -.10   .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebb=-
Some post-secondary

       b      p<
2009  -.04    ns
2010  -.05    ns
2011  -.09   .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebb=-
High school

       b      p<
2009  -.03    ns
2010  -.03    ns
2011  -.10   .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebb=-
Less than high school

       b      p<
2009  -.03    ns
2010  -.03    ns
2011  -.10   .01

b's controlled for:
- sex
- age
- number of children
- marital status
- immigrant
- employment status
- household income
- household size
- homeownership
- selfreported health
- urban area/rural
- geographical region


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
0 very dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl