Correlational finding on Happiness and What one eats
Subject code: N15ab04

StudyLengyel et al. (2009): study CA 2000
TitleThe Relationships Between Food Group Consumption, Self-Rated Health, and Life Satisfaction of Community-Dwelling Canadian Older Men: The Manitoba Follow-Up Study
SourceJournal of Nutrition for the Elderly, 2009 Vol. 28, 158-173
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21184363
DOIDOI:10.1080/01639360902950182
Public80+ aged World War II veterans, Canada 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response1345
Respondents N =1630

Correlate
Author's labelConsumption of grain products
Our classificationWhat one eats, code N15ab04
Operationalization
Selfreport on question: How often do you NOW eat…grain 
products
1 not at all 
2 rarely
3 most days
4 every day
5 every meal

Recoded
Daily (4+5)
Mostly (3)
Rarely (1+2)
Remarks
Grain products: pasta, bread, rice…

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-tOR=1.46 p < .001
Daily (vs mostly) CI95[1,16-1,85]
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-tOR=1.95 p < .06
Daily  (vs rarely) CI95[0,96-3,96]
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-tOR=1.33 p < .428
Mostly  (vs rarely) CI95[0,65-2,72]

OR's affected by control for
- socio-demographic characteristics
  - age
  - ever smoked
  - marital status
  - living arrangement
- health
  - mental health
  - physical health
  - earlier hear disease
Set Image size:   



Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-tSelfreport on single question:

How would you describe your satisfaction with life in general at present......?
1 bad
2 poor
3 fair
4 good
5 excellent


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
ORODDS RATIO
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning:
OR = 1 « no association at all;
OR = 0 or infinite « at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl