Correlational finding on Happiness and Level of school-education
Subject code: E01ab02

StudyBonikowska et al. (2013): study CA 2003
TitleAn Assessment of Life Satisfaction Responses on Recent Statistics Canada Surveys.
SourceAnalytical Studies Research Papers Series, 2013, No. 351, Ontario, Canada
URLhttp://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/11f0019m/2013351/part-partie1-eng.htm
Public15+ aged, general public, Canada, 2003
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response22%
Respondents N =24951

Correlate
Author's labelEducation
Page in Source 24-26
Our classificationLevel of school-education, code E01ab02
Operationalization
5 University degree (reference)
4 Certificate/diploma
3 Some post-secundary
2 High school
1 Less than high school
Remarks
Order reversed by WDH-team and hence sign of 
correlation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-jb=-.04 ns
Certificate           (vs. university)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-jb=-.12 p < .01
Some post-secundary   (vs. university)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-jb=-.18 p < .01
High school           (vs. university)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-jb=+.19 ns
Less than high school (vs. university)

b controlled for:
- sex
- age
- marital status
- immigration
- employment status
- household income
- household size
- homeownership
- selfreported health
- urban area/rural
- geographic region


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-jSelf rating on single question:

Please rate your feelings about .. Using this 1 to 10 scale
.. Your life as a whole right now
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl