Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of cultural consumption
Subject code: C14ab03

StudyMichalos (2005): study CA Prince George 2003
TitleArts and the Quality of Life: An Exploratory Study.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 71, 11 - 59
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-004-8013-3
PublicAdults, City of Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 2003
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response87%
Respondents N =315

Correlate
Author's labelTime spent on arts-related actvities: Singing alone
Page in Source 36, 53
Our classificationKind of cultural consumption, code C14ab03
Operationalization
Selfreport of average hours per week singing alone.
Respondents who never sing alone were asked to write 
'0'.
Observed distributionaverage 4.27 hours
Remarks
Only people who sing alone (N=121)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gr=-.22 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr= ns
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br= ns


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, how happy would you say you are?
1 very unhappy
2 somewhat unhappy
3 a little unhappy
4 evenly balanced
5 a little happy
6 somewhat happy
7 very happy
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your overall quality of life?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
7 completely satisfied
6 quite satisfied
5 somewhat satisfied
4 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3 somewhat dissatisfied
2 quite dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl