Correlational finding on Happiness and Recal of positive events
Subject code: H16ad03kd

StudyCarter et al. (2016): study GB Wales 2016
TitleHappy thoughts: Enhancing Well-Being in the Classroom with a positive events Diary.
SourceThe Journal of Positive Psychology, 2016, on line version
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17439760.2016.1245770
DOIdoi: 10.1080/17439760.2016.1245770
PublicSchool children, aged 9 and 11, Wales, United Kingdom, 2016
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =606

Correlate
Author's labelPositive Psychology Intervention
Page in Source 4-6
Our classificationRecal of positive events, code H16ad03kd
Operationalization
Children had to fill in a diary and describe 3 positive 
events during a week.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-f-7-aDM=+ p < .01
Happiness LEVEL       CHANGE
T0    T1    T2        T1-T0  T2-T0  T2-T1
5,79  5,83  5,88      +.04   +.09   +.05
Set Image size:   

A-AOL-m-sq-f-7-aDM=+ p < .001
Least happy children  +1,01   +1.24
Set Image size:   

A-AOL-m-sq-f-7-aDM=+ p < .001
Mid happy children    +.20   +),09
A-AOL-m-sq-f-7-aDM=- p < .001
Most happy children   -0.58  -0.65
A-AOL-m-sq-f-7-aD%sr=+ p < .01
                      CHANGE
                     T1-T0  T2-T0    T2-T1
  
                    +0.7%   +1.5%    +0.8%


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-AOL-m-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How is your mood AT THIS MOMENT? Which of the smilies below fits best with how you feel?
1 sad smily
2
3
4
5
6
7 happy smily


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
D%srDIFFERENCE in % of SCALE RANGE
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl