Correlational finding on Happiness and Self ratings of mental health
Subject code: H13ab02

StudyAndersson (2008): study SE 1991
TitleHappiness and Health: Well-Being among the Self-Employed.
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics, 2008, Vol. 37, 213 - 236
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socec.2007.03.003
Public18+aged, working people, Sweden, followed 9 years, 1991-2000
SampleSelection from probability samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =1998

Correlate
Author's labelMental Health Problems
Page in Source 224-225,234-35
Our classificationSelf ratings of mental health, code H13ab02
Operationalization
Self-reported on 4 questions.
a. During the last 12 months, have you suffered  from 
tiredness?

b. During the last 12 months, have you had difficulties 
in sleeping?

c. During the last 12 months, have you had nervous 
problems (anxiety worries)?

d. During the last 12 months, have you suffered 
depression?

All rated:
1. No
2. Yes, slight
3. Yes, serious

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-3-er=-.12 p < .1
Self-employed:  (N=356)
M-FH-g-sq-v-3-er=-.11 p < .1
Wage-earners:   (N=640)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-FH-g-sq-v-3-eSelfreport on single question:

Do you generally feel that your life is a source of personal satisfaction?
1 no, never
2 yes, sometimes
3 yes, most of the time


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl