Subject code: A04aa01

Study | Andersson (2008): study SE 1991 |

Title | Happiness and Health: Well-Being among the Self-Employed. |

Source | The Journal of Socio-Economics, 2008, Vol. 37, 213 - 236 |

DOI | DOI:10.1016/j.socec.2007.03.003 |

Public | 18+aged, working people, Sweden, followed 9 years, 1991-2000 |

Sample | Selection from probability samples |

Non-Response | |

Respondents N = | 1998 |

Correlate | |

Author's label | Age |

Page in Source | 221,227,233 |

Our classification | Ageing, code A04aa01 |

Operationalization | 1:1991 2:2000 |

Remarks | Change happiness access waves. |

Observed Relation with Happiness | ||

Happiness Measure | Statistics | Elaboration/Remarks |

M-FH-g-sq-v-3-e | D%=+ p < .01 | SELF-EMPLOYED (N=356) -1991: 64.4% -2000: 70.5% difference +6.1% |

M-FH-g-sq-v-3-e | r=+.07 ns | N=356 |

M-FH-g-sq-v-3-e | D%=- ns | WAGE-EARNERS (N=640) -1991: 61.4% -2000: 59.1% difference -2.3% |

M-FH-g-sq-v-3-e | r=-.02 ns | N=640 |

M-FH-g-sq-v-3-e | LRCD=-.07 ns | ALL (N=1998) LRCD not controled. |

M-FH-g-sq-v-3-e | LRCD=-.07 p < .01 | LRCD controled for: -age -gender -place of birth -education -marital status -place of residence -having children at home |

M-FH-g-sq-v-3-e | b=-.04 p < .05 | b controled for: -age -gender -place of birth -education -marital status -place of residence -having children at home |

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

Code | Full Text |

M-FH-g-sq-v-3-e | Selfreport on single question: Do you generally feel that your life is a source of personal satisfaction? 1 no, never 2 yes, sometimes 3 yes, most of the time |

Appendix 2: Statistics used

Symbol | Explanation |

b | REGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS) Type: test statistic Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric Theoretical range: unlimited Meaning: b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average. B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average. B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate. |

D% | DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES Type: descriptive statistic only. Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous Range: [-100; +100] Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels. |

LRCD | LOGIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT DICHOTOMOUS Statistic: logit regression coefficient Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: dichotomous Theoretical range: unlimited LRCD > 0 A higher level corresponds to the probability of a higher happiness rating. LRCD< 0 A higher level corresponds to the probability of a lower happiness rating. LRCD = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate. Remarks: Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by logit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Magnitudes of coefficients are roughly comparable to OLS if divided by 4 (Wooldridge, Introductory Econometrics, 561-562, 2002) |

r | PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient') Type: test statistic. Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric Range: [-1; +1] Meaning: r = 0 « no correlation , r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values. |

Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.

https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl