Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier physical health
Subject code: H14aa01

StudyOrmel (1980): study NL 1970
TitleMoeite met Leven of een Moeilijk Leven. (Difficulties with Living or a Difficult Life).
SourceKonstapel, 1980, Groningen, Netherlands
Public15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
Respondents N =296

Author's labelComplaints about physical health
Page in Source 350
Our classificationEarlier physical health, code H14aa01
9-item additive index of specified physical complaints, 
 having occurred in the past 4 weeks and rated on a 4 
point scale,1: none,...4: longer than 2 weeks:
1. headache
2. digestion problems
3. heartthrobbing
4. tightness of  the chest
5. indigestion or being choked up  
6. pain in the back
7. feeling tired
8. insomnia
9. dizziness  
Assessed at T2(1976) and T3(1977)

Observed Relation with Happiness
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.37 p < .01
T2 happiness by T2 complaints
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.35 p < .01
T3 happiness by T2 complaints
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.29 p < .01
T2 happiness by T3 complaints
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.40 p < .01
T3 happiness by T3 complaints

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cSelfreport on 8 questions:

" In the past few weeks did you ever feel.....?"
A Pleased about having accomplished something
B Upset because someone critized you
C Proud because someone complimented you one something you had done
D That things are going your way
E So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
F Unhappy or depressed
G Particularly interested in something
H Lonely and remote from other people

Response options:
0 not at all
1 sometimes
2 often
3 very often

Scoring: a = 0..........d = 3

Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, D, G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, E, F, H
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (shortened variant)

Appendix 2: Statistics used
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.