Correlational finding on Happiness and Independent
Subject code: P05bm

StudyKirchler (1984b): study AT 1983
TitleSechs Monate ohne Arbeit. (Six Months without Work).
SourceWISO (Wirtschafts und Sozialpolitische Zeitschrift des I.S.A.), 1984, Vol. 3, 66 - 81
PublicUnemployed, followed 6 months after job loss, Linz Austria, 1983
Sample
Non-ResponseDropout due to refusal 23%
Respondents N =31

Correlate
Author's labelPersonality structure
Page in Source 279
Our classificationIndependent, code P05bm
Operationalization
Three types derived from scores on
German version of the Cattel 16 PF test
(Schneewind et al 1987)

Happiness assessed at four times after
falling unemployed:
T1  1 month
T2  2 month
T3  3 month
T4  6 month

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-mi-sqr-v-5-aDMt= p < .01
Happiness at T1
-Social sensitive dependents   Mt' = 7.94
-Self-assured dominants        Mt' = 8.51
-Insecure-submissive types     Mt' = 7.70

This pattern remains largely identical from T1
to T4, both among Ss who remain unemployed and
who find a job. After becoming re-employed 
insecure-submissive Ss improved most in happiness 
(Ms' = 9.15)


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-AOL-mi-sqr-v-5-aSelfreport on single question in diary, filled in 6 times a day during 40 days in a 6 month period.

Is my mood at the moment
2 clearly positive
1 rather positive
0 indifferent
-1 rather negative
-2 clearly negative


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl